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I want to know what these expressions mean.

Let's throw the bum out

Throw the bum out attitude

closed as off-topic by FumbleFingers, Kristina Lopez, tchrist, Drew, JEL Oct 15 '15 at 6:12

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  • 2
    What did the dictionary say about the words? – Graham Nicol Oct 14 '15 at 16:35
  • Can you offer a little more context? – Holly Oct 14 '15 at 17:54
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    Hi Juan...here's a helpful hint: put quotes around "throw the bum out" and then Google that phrase. Phrases are a little trickier to look up but not impossible and you should bring at least that much research to a question so it doesn't get closed for lack of prior research effort. – Kristina Lopez Oct 14 '15 at 18:29
  • The phrase was probably first uttered in a bar, where a bouncer or, perhaps, self-appointed "posse" was urged to eject a person creating a disturbance or otherwise being obnoxious. And that's all it really means: It is a call to eject from the room/party/country/whatever the person or persons which some other persons consider to be harmful or obnoxious. – Hot Licks Oct 15 '15 at 3:05
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The literal meaning of bum is a lazy or worthless person. However, in this idiom, it's used metaphorically to refer to members of some group that are not performing up to expectations; it's often used to refer to ineffective politicians, or members of a sports team on a losing streak. Thus, we wish to get rid of those worthless members, and replace them with new ones (who we hope will do better).

If you google the phrase, you'll find lots of web pages referring to the dysfunctional US Congress. It's also used as a rallying cry by some alternative political parties.

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There are actually two forms of this traditional American directive: "Throw the bum out!" and "Throw the bums out!" The singular form first appears in the Google Books database in "Isler Astounds Scientists" in The Beacon: Published by the Beacon Staff of Western High School, Detroit, Michigan (1929) [combined snippets]:

The Academy of Science was astounded when Professor Edgar Isler announced that he could and would carry water in a sieve. This caused an uproar, and violent cries were heard.

"Throw the bum out," said Kenneth Wilemon; "toss him on his ear." Professor Isler calmed the irate professors and other half wits . He stated that water could be carried in a sieve and, by chowder, he'd prove it.

But there are two earlier matches for "throw the bums out," from slightly earlier in the 1920s. From The Saturday Evening Post (1926) [combined snippets]:

"Throw these bums out," she commanded—"right out into the street! Trying to force their way into a lady's dressing room!"

"The note——" Ira began.

"Throw the bums out!" Miss Reilly repeated. "It's a trick. I never saw these johns before in my life! Throw them out, Harry—right out on their necks!"

And from Lester Cohen, The Great Bear (1927) [combined snippets]:

Two hours passed. The quarrelsomeness had dropped out of their voices. At intervals, there came a drunken groan, the whine of Vaerring's disabled assertiveness followed by the spattering effusion of his dislike. Then a period of silence, broken by Thane's monotonous growling.

And finally, a deep rumbling, "Henry! Let's throw the bums out." After several minutes, she saw the negro propel one of the men to the door, shove him over the threshold, and repeat the performance with all but Vaerring and Gillis.

As these examples suggest, the original context for the phrase "throw the bum[s] out" was as an instruction to what in the United States is called a bouncer—a rugged employee of a bar, club, or other night spot whose job is to help keep order on the premises and to remove unruly patrons, by force if necessary, when they are no longer welcome.

As Barmar says, the phrase became very popular (in singular form) at sporting events, where the bum in question might be a hapless boxer, an ineffective pitcher, or a player or manager on the opposing team, and (in plural form) in politics, where the bums might be the roster of legislators from an opposing party—or politicians generally.

The meaning remains literally or figuratively the same as it was originally: to eject the unwelcome person or persons from the premises, by bouncer, by umpire, or by ballot.

In the OP's second example, where "throw the bum out" functions as an adjective phrase, the phrase means "having the imperious or peremptory attitude of someone who instructs a bouncer to do his (or rarely, her) work."

  • Where is it used as an adjective phrase? – RoseofWords Oct 15 '15 at 2:06
  • @RoseofWords: In the OP's second example, "Throw the bum out attitude." I should have added "OP's" to my sentence for clarity.—and now I have. Thanks for pointing out the vagueness of my original wording on this point. – Sven Yargs Oct 15 '15 at 2:07
  • This phrase was almost certainly first uttered in a bar. The age of the expression is probably mainly tied to the age of the term "bum", in the sense of a drunk or otherwise worthless person, which would appear to be the late 1800s. – Hot Licks Oct 15 '15 at 3:08
  • @HotLicks: I agree with you, although the term bum has a very complicated history. The Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang has a good quote from 1864 that uses bum in the "lazy, shiftless beggar, tramp, or drunken derelict" sense: "The policemen say that even their old, regular and reliable 'bums' appear to have reformed, and they [the policemen] have absolutely nothing to do." The first instance of bum's rush ("forcible ejection from a place") noted in RHHDAS is from 1910. – Sven Yargs Oct 15 '15 at 3:26

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