One oddity in the difference between UK and American usage is that Americans say "I went to the hospital" but British people say "I went to hospital".
Is there an explanation for this grammatical divergence? Does it have a name?
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In Southern English usage (Be aware that 'British' English comes in many flavours) I think that "I went to hospital" is used when discussing medical treatment ("I went to hospital to have my gall bladder removed, but they really messed the operation up..."), "I went to the hospital" is used when it is about motion or travel ("I went to the hospital this morning, and then to the shops"). So "The Hospital" is about a place, "Hospital" is about a process. This is a personal observation, not a systematic study, but thinking about how the two constructions would be used, it 'feels' right.