Until recently I assumed that “racism” simply meant a belief that there are innate and meaningful differences between races.
I thought that the common practice of using "racism" as a stand-in for hatred against other races, a discriminatory/segregationist political agenda, etc. was mainly a colloquial simplification meant to ease/influence public discourse. I was surprised to find that indeed, Wikipedia defines racism as primarily related to certain political stances (with the belief in innate differences between races and ethnicities only listed as common justification). Whether this was always the case or is just an example of a colloqualism becoming a norm, I cannot say.
Still, now I am left to wonder: How can one refer to the belief that there are innate and meaningful differences between races - independently of any political stance?
Examples of using such a word:
My recent studies indicate that racial provenance is a good predictor for performance on tasks A and B. I am convinced of the quality of my research but not apt or willing to make political recommendations based on it. I do not believe that races are equal in their capabilities, I am a proponent of “Y”. I am a “y”-ist.
I believe that my racial group is innately less capable than other races at C, but I do not think this is a compelling argument to deny us a fair chance at C. I do not believe that all races are equal, I believe in “Y”. I am a “y”-ist.