A total of 100 patients were recruited ___ the study.

Do I have to say recruited into the study or recruited in the study?

  • For most purposes, both seem fine to me. But suppose the purpose of the study was to examine some aspect of how doctors recruit patients into medical study programs, for example (i.e. - the patients are almost incidental, since what you're actually studying is the doctors), I think in that case only in would work. Compare 10 people were tricked into the study (if they hadn't been conned into it, they might not have agreed to participate), and 10 people were tricked in the study (any number of participant subjects might have watched videos of those 10 deceptions, say). – FumbleFingers Sep 1 '15 at 12:55

Several propositions are possible here, depending on what you want to say. If you mean students were sought out in order to participate in the study, use for.

If you mean the study itself was used to recruit students for something else, you can use by or with or in. In my mind, by implies something more deliberate, whereas with and especially in imply a more incidental occurrence (as in, "Hey, this guy in this study we are doing would be great to use for this other job/study/whatever.").

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