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A car is a form of transportation. But so is a bicycle. When a paper is discussing where a subject (say the car) fits into such a system and contrasting the car with the bicycle what should that section of the paper be called?

In my case the paper deals with computer science and a popular way to implement a design principle. The section deals with showing that the implementation discussed is not the only implementation that fulfills the principle by briefly introducing another popular though older implementation, contrasting with it and explaining how both can fulfill the design principle.

You can do all the same things in a paper about a car, transportation, and a bicycle. Just thought they would be a little more accessible examples.

I'm hopping for a word or phrase that makes clear that the section will discuss things other than the subject but only to make clear what the subject is and is not.

If it helps, the section is a subsection to the overview that explains how it works at a high level without getting into examples.

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    Not all papers are structured in the same way, so I doubt there is a single definitive answer across all of English. What do comparable papers in your field use? At least, can you provide a more concrete, real-life example?
    – choster
    Aug 5 '15 at 16:13
  • @Brian-Hitchcock how's this? Aug 5 '15 at 16:24
  • @choster If I knew how to find papers that did this I could simply look at what their section is titled. I've peeked out from behind my metaphor. Does this help? Aug 5 '15 at 16:32
  • It looks as though your question concerns comparing and/or contrasting solutions, rather than putting them into classes or groups. A suggestion for your section title is: 'A comparison of A and B as implementation tools for...' Within the section, you can then highlight the pros and cons of particular features. Aug 5 '15 at 16:59
  • Would taxonomy be inapropreate for this? Aug 5 '15 at 22:44
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I'd say they are categorizing to see where the car belongs.

Definition of categorize in English:
verb

[WITH OBJECT]

  • Place in a particular class or group:
    silk is categorized as a luxury import

The next step is to distinguish what separates the car from the bicycle.

Definition of distinguish in English:
verb

[WITH OBJECT]

  1. Recognize or treat (someone or something) as different:
    the child is perfectly capable of distinguishing reality from fantasy

...

References:
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/categorize http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/distinguish

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