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What is the generic term for a noun that forms part of the main vocabulary of a conceptual system?

For example:

  • A number is a derivative of arithmetic.

  • A word is a derivative of language.

  • An atom is a derivative of chemistry.
  • A border is a derivative of map.

I'm looking for the most appropriate replacement for the word 'derivative' above. Preferably a single word!

  • 2
    Component? Perhaps... Element... though that could be confusing in your chemistry example. – Catija Jul 10 '15 at 21:39
  • I'd say "element" if it weren't for the chemistry example. Component, perhaps? – phoog Jul 10 '15 at 21:39
  • @phoog HA HA HA HA HA We said the same thing. – Catija Jul 10 '15 at 21:39
  • @Catija great minds... – phoog Jul 10 '15 at 21:39
  • I'd go with term of art – user31341 Jul 10 '15 at 22:03
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Perhaps constituent (as a noun)

a component part; ingredient

Collins

Similarly, Merriam-Webster

an essential part : component, element

0

A word is an aspect of language.

An atom is an element of chemistry.

A number is a factor of arithmetic.

A derivative is a component of mathematics.

A border is a facet of a map.

From Oxford:

Facet /ˈfasət/

noun

1.1 A particular aspect or feature of something

  • I disagree strongly with element, factor, and facet in those particular uses. "element" has a specific meaning in Chemistry and there is no element "atom". Similarly, a "factor" is a mathematical term and it is inappropriate to use it here. And I just don't agree with the use of facet, so... yeah. – Catija Jul 10 '15 at 21:52
  • @Catija Somebody's not a fan of the puns – scohe001 Jul 10 '15 at 22:11
  • Why would you make puns when someone's asking a legitimate question and wanting help? I know people like to have fun here but it's not funny to give people bad information because you think it's a joke. – Catija Jul 10 '15 at 22:13

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