This is a scholarly footnote: "Ferrarius, lib. i.c. iii p. 108."

I do not understand what "i.c." means.

  • 3
    I suspect that your spacing is wrong in grouping them together: "lib. i." is Book One, "c. iii" is Chapter Three. Jul 4, 2015 at 13:10
  • 2
    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it is apparently based on a false premise. Jul 4, 2015 at 14:14
  • Thank you, Mr. Donovan, for your thoughtful answer. If you will google, however, you will find many references to "lib. i.c."
    – james
    Jul 4, 2015 at 17:40

1 Answer 1


Google turns up many instances of "lib. i. c.", but there are actually more instances of "lib. ii. c." and "lib. iii. c.". I agree with @brian-Donovan: you are mis-grouping and so mis-interpreting the reference: "Ferrarius, lib. i.c. iii p. 108." means "Ferrarius, Book 1, Chapter Three, Page 108".

  • By the way, I spent quite a while Googling, looking for an explicit interpretation of the "lib." and "c." portions of the reference, and found nothing. Interesting that Google is a great resource for some things, but absolutely useless for others. Jul 5, 2015 at 12:30

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