American 'Diner Lingo' seems to consist largely of humorous crossword-style references (Noah's boy = Slice of Ham, Mother and child reunion = chicken and egg sandwich, Dog soup = water, etc).

Most seem fairly obvious in their origin but I'm totally at a loss to work out why a "mystery in the alley" is equivalent to "a side order of hash".

Is it simply that it looks like a big mess (e.g. that's been swept up from the alley behind the diner) or is there a more subtle derivation that I'm overlooking?

  • That would be my guess, yes, a big mess.
    – Drew
    Jun 20, 2015 at 19:20
  • The particular terms you mention are humorous one-offs. Some individual made them up for a menu and others may have copied them. They are not standard synonyms (that is, If someone asks you what you had for breakfast, you'd say 'hash', but never ever think of saying 'Oh I had mystery in the alley'). However, in the same diner context, eggs are 'sunny-side up', 'over-easy'etc, which are what normal (non-advertising people) call them.
    – Mitch
    Jun 20, 2015 at 21:59
  • 2
    @Mitch: these terms are never on a menu. They're a humorous code that waiters use to communicate to the chef. Some of these terms are standard in all diners, but some are local. Jun 20, 2015 at 22:20
  • Chop suey is often believed to mean 'beggar's hash', perhaps from Cantonese slang [ Sydney Morning Herald ]. Jun 20, 2015 at 22:22

3 Answers 3


J.S. Farmer & W.E. Henley, Slang and Its Analogues, volume 4 (1896) has a suggestively similar entry for mystery:

MYSTERY, subs. (common).—A sausage. Also MYSTERY-BAG.

English SYNONYMS. Bags of mystery; chambers of horrors; darbies; dogs (dog's meat or dog's body); mystery-bags; Sharps-Alley blood-worms; sore-leg ?

  1. HENLEY, Culture in the Slums. 'O crikey, Bill!' she ses to me, she ses. 'look sharp,' ses she, 'with them there sossiges. Yea! sharp with them there BAGS OF MYSTEREE!'

  2. Sportsman, 2 Feb. But the MYSTERY-BAGS of Sieur X, if we are to believe the common report, were far from fragrant. This gentleman has been sentenced to six months' imprisonment for 'making sausages of tainted meat.'

Eric Partridge, Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, fifth edition (1961) has this:

mystery. A sausage : somewhat low : from ca. 1885, ob[solete]. More gen. is bag of mystery, as in Henley, 1887, and much more gen. is mystery bag, as in The Sportsman, Feb. 2, 1889.

The use of "bag of mystery" appears to go back at least as far as 1873, where it is used as a synonym for the French harlequin and the English Punch's Puzzle. From an 1873 translation of Eugene Sue, The Mysteries of Paris [combined snippets]:

“Well then,” said the Ogress, turning to the other, “what will you have for supper, you bad lot?”

“Two tanners of wine, three slack-baked busters (small loaves) and a bag of mystery,” answered the Slasher, after luxuriously feasting his mind by mentally turning over the items of the White Rabbit's bill of fare.

A footnote linked to the phrase "bag of mystery" offers this explanation:

“Bags of mystery,” alias “Punch’s Puzzles,” in English cant, are the kind of sausage whose skins are filled with the various remnants left from the servants’ table in noblemen’s and rich men’s mansions.

An 1845 translation of Sue’s novel, however, refers to the “bag of mystery” as a harlequin, and then observes in a footnote,

A harlequin is composed of the remains of the eatables of all kinds, left at the tables of large French establishments, including fish, flesh, and fowl, vegetables and sweetmeats, fruits and cheese, and forms a profitable and saleable mixture amongst those who provide for the class to which the Chourineur [Slasher] belongs.

J.E. Lighter, Random House Dictionary of American Slang, volume 2 (1997) has this entry for mystery:

mystery n. meat of dubious origin served as hash, sausages, meat loaf, hamburgers, etc., esp. in institutional facilities. Now usu. mystery meat.

Lighter then provides a list of 24 citations ranging from 1877–78 to 1996 and indicating a fairly impressive continuity of usage for mystery and mystery meat over those years. The first mention of hash in connection with mystery is the first citation:

1877–78 Cornelian 86: Mystericum. Hash.

Other instances come from 1888, 1906, and 1921:

1888 in Amer. Heritage (Oct. 1979) 20: Our hash is ever cold, our hash is ever cold...I'm sure you'll open wide your eyes and at the "mistery" start.

1906 M'Govern, Sgt. Larry 52: "Will yez be afther havin' a wee bit of canned MYSTERY, sorr?" said Sergeant Tipprary, as he drew a half can of Armour corned beef hash from his haversack.

1921 15th Inf[antry] Sentinel (Mar. 25) 5: When "Mess call" sounds its welcome, you hurry to your seat/Of "beans" and "slum" and "mystery-hash" you get enough to eat.

"Mystery meat" dominates the later references—those from the 1960s onward—in Lighter.

"Mystery in the alley" probably combines the old idea of "mystery [meat]" either with the old commonplace description of a thing of dubious provenance as having been found "in the alley" or with (as Peter Shor suggests in his answer) a separately derived (and diner-specific) notion of "in the alley" as code for "on the side."

  • 2
    Although this seems very comprehensive on the "mystery", there's nothing here about "the alley". Can you elucidate further?
    – Richard
    Jun 20, 2015 at 23:59
  • 3
    A Google search for "in the alley" + "diner slang" turns up 24 matches that say "in the alley" means "served on the side," confirming Peter Shor's answer. But they don't the origin of the phrase. One does say that the phrase dates back to the years 1920 to 1970—but without any documentation.
    – Sven Yargs
    Jun 21, 2015 at 1:17
  • @Paul You would have to give this one a bump as I was eating my sausages, wouldn't you.
    – Phil Sweet
    Nov 9, 2018 at 15:39

According to the following source "mystery in the alley" refers to the great variety of ingredients (who actually knows all ingredients?) used to make a side of hash, like all those found on the floor of a busy kitchen, at the origin of the name:

  • Meatloaf was butcher's revenge, while beef stew was bossy in a bowl. Similarly hash was a dish made up of varying ingredients (some sort of meat, onions, potatoes, spices – the combination varied widely). So when this was ordered the waiter would instruct the cook to sweep the kitchen floor or customer will take a chance. Hash on the side was mystery in the alley.

From - Terms of Employment: The secret lingo of the workplace of Charlie Croker.

  • This book was published in 2012. The same phrases have been listed on Wikipedia since 2006. The earliest reference I could find was in an episode of Stargate, of all things (air date: 11th March, 2005). How confident are you that the Stargate writers didn't just make this up for dramatic effect? Jun 20, 2015 at 21:59
  • 1
    @Oleksandr: Well ... "bossy in a bowl" has been around since this magazine was published in 1916. Don't know about "mystery in the alley", though. Google books doesn't seem to find it in the 20th century. Jun 20, 2015 at 22:10
  • 2
    @Oleksandr: Actually, I can find it from 1998, so Stargate didn't make it up. However, it might not be actual "diner lingo". I suspect the etymology is "on the side" = "in the alley", and "hash" = "mystery". Jun 20, 2015 at 22:16
  • @PeterShor well found; thank you! So, at least they are attested outside of the Internet. Jun 20, 2015 at 22:23

I suspect the etymology is "hash" = "mystery" and "on the side" = "in the alley". The earliest reference I can find to this is 1998. Both from this late date and the evidence given in the other answers, I suspect it's not a standard single "diner lingo" phrase, but a combination of two previously-coined diner-lingo phrases which were conjoined on some list sometime around 1998, and now, because of all the copying that happens on the internet, regularly appear together on lists.


Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.