You can have users who have created an account and you have their deets and who are logged in.
Or, same but not "logged! in!" and you (as in say 1960) actually have them not logged in. Or same but from their point of view "not logged in" but of course you know who it is anyway.
You can have "anonymous users" where you specifically track them and know them, but they have not created an account and you do not have their name deets, and they do not know you have made an anonymous account for them.
You can have "anonymous users" where you specifically track them and know them, but they have not created an account and you do not have their name deets, but they do know they have an "anonymous" account.
You can have "guest users" which could be identical to the description of "anonymous users"
You can have "guest users" where the specific human specifically chooses to have something labelled a (let us say) guest account (it could be named differently), but you don't give you their deets.
You can have putative users, where you have created a user entry and do have some of their deets, but they have not yet officially signed up (so, no username, password, etc yet) (a very common process today, the geniuses in the marketing building realised this is the best way to reel people in to marketing shit on the web) (used on this site for instance right?)
There are sundry more variations including the usual marketing crap like whether you have "verified!" your email.
It's just not worth worrying about.
Anyone on this page who is trying to decisively! define! "anonymous account", just sit back and think again (or, better suggestion, think about something worth thinking about than "internet marketing nomenclature .............. i.e.: anything).
If you think you have a! or the! "exact definition" of anonymous, guest, etc accounts .. no such thing.
It's not that the differences are "very subtle", it's just a mess of slight variations. (Changing daily.)
(Note that -- to begin with -- in practice 80% of "login!" today is "using facebook [or someone's] login aggregation service in various ways".)
Ask any working professional and they'll just say "whatever, there's a mess of slight variations, ask the marketing guys what they want to label it."