In another question this example of semicolon usage is given:

When dinosaurs agree on something, they often high-five one another; dinosaurs are all about high-fives.

However, I have also seen the following style before, where the second part acts like a regular sentence with the first word capitalised:

When dinosaurs agree on something, they often high-five one another; Dinosaurs are all about high-fives.

I can see the reasoning: the semicolon is bridging two sentences. Which one, if any, is correct? Is it simply a style issue?

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    May I see an example real-world usage of the second case? I don't remember running across it in the wild before. – mmyers Sep 4 '10 at 4:33
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    @mmyers: I've seen semicolon plus capital letter bazillions of times. – delete Sep 4 '10 at 14:04

As you say yourself, the semicolon is bridging the gap between two sentences; they become one.

Wikipedia is exceptionally succinct on this:

English usage

Semicolons are followed by a lower case letter, unless that letter is the first letter of a proper noun.

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  • I don't understand: Does this answer the question? Are you saying both the sentences in the OP are acceptable? How? – HeWhoMustBeNamed Mar 2 at 15:14

The Chicago Manual of Style (6.57 - 6.62) uses a small letter after the semicolon, e.g.

Mildred intends to go to Europe; her plans, however, are still quite vague.

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