I'm always surprised when I hear the term white noise.

White noise itself sounds a little more "evil" than anything else, I would almost expect it to be called black noise.

  • Why is white noise called white noise?
  • 13
    White is not typically associated with evil in western culture. Black is.
    – TimR
    May 31, 2015 at 11:23
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    @TimRomano - op means the noise itself sounds evil, not the name.
    – DanBeale
    May 31, 2015 at 11:42
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    @DanBeale: you may be a better mindreader than I am, for it was not clear to me what sense could be made of *white noise sounds a little more evil than anything else, I would almost expect it to be called black noise". So my comment is just in case user3306365 comes from a culture where "white" is associated with evil.
    – TimR
    May 31, 2015 at 11:49
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    Why should white noise sound evil? It's just a neutral (the most neutral?) noise. Is it because white noise has been used in the media to represent evil, and we now associate the two? ( In the same way as church organ music is now used to suggest a satanic presence? Even the genial, humane music of Bach sometimes. What irony!)
    – Margana
    May 31, 2015 at 13:45
  • 2
    While music is sometimes called noise, and yes, it happens that some people are likely to call what they think f as "evil" music noise, the noise in white noise has little to do with music. It simply means "sound", rather than "annoying, bad or "evil" loud nonsense that some people call music". "White noise" doesn't even have to be "loud".
    – oerkelens
    Jun 1, 2015 at 7:36

3 Answers 3


White noise, is called white in analogy to white light:

  • The background noise that is continuously present on electrical circuits or radio circuits due to the thermal agitation of electrons.White noise has a flat power spectral density, which is to say that it has equal power at any frequency in any given frequency band.

  • The term white noise comes from the fact that it is analogous to white light, which is a combination of all frequencies or wavelengths in the visible light spectrum. (Webster's New World Telecom Dictionary)

From: Atlantic Monthly Company, 1946

  • The purest and simplest noise of all, it should be noted, is what the scientist calls a white noise. Like white light, which Newton showed to be compounded of all the colors, white noise is the simultaneous sounding of all the pitches.

The mixing of colored light. Red + green = yellow. Green + blue = cyan. Red + blue = magenta. Red + green + blue = white.

  • 5
    Quite correct. If you look at a frequency vs amplitude graph of "white noise" it looks like grass, with all the grass (roughly) the same height. Other "colors" of noise may slope or dip. Voice and other "real" sounds will appear rather "lumpy".
    – Hot Licks
    May 31, 2015 at 12:02
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    (In other words, this is a term of science/engineering, and has no cultural implications.)
    – Hot Licks
    May 31, 2015 at 12:05
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    @HotLicks: for the record, the “grass” appearance of a white-noise spectrum is an artifact from taking a finite sample of the noise. The “true” spectrum is in fact completely even, constant amplitude for all frequencies. May 31, 2015 at 13:19
  • 12
    The graph is misleading as it indicates that white light is the combination of only three colors. In nature it is the combination of all colors like shown in the rainbow. To the human eye however, the three colors combined look like white. May 31, 2015 at 17:39
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    @leftaroundabout No! The expected value at each frequency is the same across all frequencies, but the Fourier transform of white noise is in fact white noise in the frequency domain.
    – Sanchises
    Jun 1, 2015 at 17:01

Noise is called "white" when it has the same intensity at every frequency. Its name is derived by analogy to light, which is called "white" when it contains all visible frequencies.

Note that there are other "colors" of noise, also named by analogy to frequencies of light:

  • Red/brown noise is weighted towards the bass; pink noise is less so.
  • Violet noise is weighted towards the treble; blue noise is less so.
  • Grey noise is noise that is perceived as white by the human ear.

In informal usage, there is also "black" noise, whose definition is context-sensitive:

Black noise is also called silent noise.

  1. Silence
  2. Noise with a 1/ƒβ spectrum, where β > 2. This formula is used to model the frequency of natural disasters.
  3. Noise that has a frequency spectrum of predominantly zero power level over all frequencies except for a few narrow bands or spikes. Note: An example of black noise in a facsimile transmission system is the spectrum that might be obtained when scanning a black area in which there are a few random white spots. Thus, in the time domain, a few random pulses occur while scanning.
  4. Noise with a spectrum corresponding to the blackbody radiation (thermal noise). For temperatures higher than about 3×10−7 K the peak of the blackbody spectrum is above the upper limit to human Hearing range. In those situations, for the purposes of what is heard, black noise is well approximated as violet noise.
  • 4
    There is also "Pink noise"... From WikiPedia: Pink noise or 1⁄f noise (sometimes also called flicker noise) is a signal or process with a frequency spectrum such that the power spectral density (energy or power per Hz) is inversely proportional to the frequency of the signal. In pink noise, each octave (halving/doubling in frequency) carries an equal amount of noise power. The name arises from the pink appearance of visible light with this power spectrum.[1] Jun 1, 2015 at 13:53
  • 3
    @BaardKopperud This answer already mentions pink noise. Jun 1, 2015 at 20:51
  • @starsplusplus - The reference is minor and useless. Baard’s information is useful and not redundant.
    – Jim
    Dec 2, 2019 at 6:09

I can tell the people answering this question are not old. The term "White Noise" comes from the days of black and white tube televisions. The hissing noise heard was always accompanied by white streaks across the screen. Hence the term "White Noise".

  • 1
    Heh... I don't consider myself old (maybe I should), but this was the first explanation that came to my mind.
    – Paul Rowe
    Jun 1, 2015 at 18:07
  • And what about the same noise coming from a radio?
    – user66974
    Jun 1, 2015 at 19:55
  • 5
    The purest and simplest noise of all, it should be noted, is what the scientist calls a white noise. Like white light, which Newton showed to be compounded of all the colors, white noise is the simultaneous sounding of all the pitches. Atlantic Monthly Company, 1946 : books.google.it/…
    – user66974
    Jun 1, 2015 at 19:59
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    What evidence do you have for this? Jun 2, 2015 at 3:00
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    Note also that the appearance of "white noise" in literature began at approximately the same time as the Atlantic issue @Josh61 mentions. Available evidence strongly implies that the static noise accompanying television signals was simply casually (and likely inaccurately) referred to as "white noise" due to its similarity to actual white noise.
    – Jason C
    Jun 2, 2015 at 3:54

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