I chose a wrong answer in a test from http://www.cambridgeenglish.org

According to Richard's ...... the train leaves at 7 o'clock.

  • opinion
  • advice
  • knowledge
  • information

I chose knowledge.

The right one is information. Could you tell me why?

  • 1
    Using knowledge still carries the possibility that that knowledge was not expressed. Whereas opinion and advice denote that the information was indeed expressed, but both explicitly carry the possibility that it was incorrect. I suggest you ask questions like this on our sister site, English Language Learners. – Dan Bron May 20 '15 at 15:27
  • I'm a native English speaker, and I find this test question pretty ambiguous. I could probably argue that any one of them is correct, depending on the exact sense you're going for. – Kevin Workman May 20 '15 at 15:58
  • I'd just say According to Richard. – Anonym May 20 '15 at 16:36

knowledge: facts, information, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education. Richard has knowledge about when the train leaves.

information: facts provided or learned about something or someone. Richard supplied information about when the train leaves.

The key factor is that information is provided, while knowledge is simply known. It doesn't help you that Richard has knowledge about the train schedule unless he informs you about it (provides you with the information).

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