from my Marine Corps days, I recall that "casualty" implies the basic idea of removing a Marine from being an active combatant. This can occur through severe injuries, death, capture, going UA, etc.

The term casualty, then, can apply to deaths and all those other things, lumped into the phrase "non-fatal casualty." Is there a single word that captures that same meaning? I feel that there is, but can't remember! Or, I could simply be wrongly remembering that there was a single word... in which case, curses on getting old.

  • 1
    It's a multi-word, but taken out of commission at least includes casualties without implying death.
    – ebwb
    May 13, 2015 at 19:42
  • Domain-specific military terminology is probably Off Topic, but newspapers and other sources of "normal" English routinely refer to the two types of casualities (killed and wounded) as [the] dead and [the] injured. May 13, 2015 at 19:54
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    Not making it an answer because you said the word in the question, but the word is just "injured"
    – Andrey
    May 13, 2015 at 19:57
  • Not specific to military context but there is nonfatality. It is used in military context also. See: Google books
    – ermanen
    May 13, 2015 at 20:05
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    There is also disabled or incapacitated. I see various analogs in sports, the favorite I saw was a term called PUP (physically unable to perform).
    – jxh
    May 13, 2015 at 20:19

2 Answers 2


The word incapacitated can be used to describe a soldier that is no longer able to fulfill their duties.

: to make (someone or something) unable to work, move, or function in the usual way

It seems to show up in military material as a term similar to disability for civilians. For example:

DA PAM 135-381 (Incapacitation of Reserve Component Soldiers Processing Procedures) defines Incapacitation (INCAP) as a physical disability due to injury, illness, or disease that prevents the performance of military duties, or which prevents the Soldier from returning to the civilian occupation in which the Soldier was employed at the time of the injury, illness, or disease.
Army National Guard


WIA (Wounded in action) or Medical casualty is as far as I get.

  • These miss some casualties: deserters and POWs are also casualties.
    – cpast
    May 14, 2015 at 1:31

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