Consider the examples:
- "My name is Ricky."
- He said his name is Ricky.
The tense is not backshifted in #2 because his name is and will always be Ricky. Also consider:
- Ricky says: "I live in Paris."
- Ricky said that he lives in Paris.
The tense is not backshifted in #4 because he still lives in Paris.
For examples #2 and #4, it is possible to not backshift the tense because the reporting words are still true at the time of reporting, but what will you say about the following examples:
- I asked what his name is.
- I asked where he lives.
Here, is it correct for #5 and #6 to not backshift the tense?
If #5 and #6 are correct, then under what conditions is it correct to not backshift the verb like that?