How did Peter, the surname, Johnson, and the nicknames for William(Willy) and Richard(Dick), come to mean penis? Was the first instance of these usages, related to a specific person?

Are there more examples in this area? Is this exclusive to English?

  • Original title was reference to a Billy Joel parody song. Current title is more precise but hardly as funny.
    – Sam
    May 8, 2011 at 4:52
  • Somewhat related: History/connection/origin of using names as verbs/nouns?
    – RegDwigнt
    May 8, 2011 at 14:15
  • 1
    There are some popular examples in Portuguese (pt_PT) too, specially for common names. For instance (which is short for José) is sometimes used as Zézinho (sort of: the little ) to refer to the penis.
    – Alix Axel
    Jul 23, 2011 at 0:41
  • 1
    so what about female genitalia as well?
    – n611x007
    Jul 12, 2015 at 17:09
  • @n611x007 Fanny. Jul 8, 2021 at 22:37

2 Answers 2


From Etymonline:

peter Slang for "penis" is attested from 1902, probably from identity of first syllable.

johnson "penis," 1863, perhaps related to British slang John Thomas, which has the same meaning (1887).

dick "fellow, lad, man," 1550s, rhyming nickname for Rick, short for Richard, one of the commonest English names, it has long been a synonym for "fellow," and so most of the slang senses are probably very old, but naturally hard to find in the surviving records. The meaning "penis" is attested from 1891 in British army slang.

The Lover's Tongue: A Merry Romp Through the Language of Love and Sex by Mark Steven Morton has an entire chapter on the subject, "The Long and the Short of It: Words for the Penis and Its Attendant Parts," that begins with an impressive five-page collection of names. Here's what he has on the names in question:

A few years after Edward Ward published his poem, the name Roger also came to denote penis. This was, in fact, the first of several male given names to be bestowed on that part of the male anatomy—Thomas followed in 1811, Dick in 1891, Peter in 1902 and Willie in 1905. To some extent, the application of these names to the penis occurred simply because those names were considered typically male, the kind of name that Joe Blow or any Tom, Dick or Harry might have. [...] With Peter, however, there may be an additional reason why it came to denote penis: that name derives from the Greek petros, meaning stone, a material whose hardness might recall the firmness of an erection. The word is still used with that stony sense in the name saltpeter, a chemical compound that was once given to young men and soldiers to reduce their sexual ardour. [...] Last names, too, have been bestowed on the penis, such as Johnson, which dates back to the mid nineteenth century but has recently gained wide currency.

  • 2
    Only your answer for Peter, really speaks to the how. Any more specific info on why those particular names? Why not George, or Chester?
    – Sam
    May 8, 2011 at 4:55
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    This one's not a current slang, but it's certainly interesting: Roger used to also mean “penis”, as it's derived from PG hroði+gār, meaning fame-spear.
    – user3217
    May 8, 2011 at 5:26
  • 2
    @Jonathan and it sort of still does in the sense that you can 'Roger' somebody.
    – Dan Blows
    May 8, 2011 at 11:29
  • @Sam: Added edit. May 8, 2011 at 13:55
  • 1
    I almost wonder about Frank.
    – tchrist
    Dec 26, 2012 at 17:33

William Byrd II of Virginia, in his secret diary, speaks often of rogering his wife or giving her a flourish. So the word seems to have been used more as a verb in early America.

However, there seems to be no clear answer as to how the use of dick came to be; only when and generally by whom.

  • I don't get 'flourish'. Is 'Flour' somebody's name?
    – Mitch
    Dec 26, 2012 at 16:48
  • @Mitch Yes.
    – tchrist
    Dec 26, 2012 at 17:08
  • Ah, so that would be Colonel William Byrd II (28 March 1674 – 26 August 1744) of Virginia. Yes, that is a long time ago.
    – tchrist
    Dec 26, 2012 at 17:32

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