I read the information about using whether or whether or not on your web site; however, I am still not certain about making the choice. Could you please tell me the specific rules for using whether or whether or not?

Is this sentence okay?

You can go whether or not you finished your homework.

  • I would say: 'You can go regardless of whether (or not) you finished your homework.' but I'm not 100% sure, someone would have to confirm this. I also think that or not in whether or not is optional and is used just for emphasis, so you can use those two expressions interchangeably.
    – Lucky
    Apr 20, 2015 at 1:56

2 Answers 2


Bryan Garner, Garner's Modern American Usage, second edition (2003) answers this question in a consistent way that is easy to apply to particular instances of "whether (or not)":

Whether or not. Despite the superstition to the contrary, the words or not are usually superfluous, since whether implies or not—e.g.,:

  • "In another essay, 'The Rules of the Game,' he discusses moral codes and whether or not {read whether} they work." Diane Hartman, "At Life's End Carl Sagan Awed by Life's Unknowns," Denver Post, 22 June 1997, at D6. [Other examples—involving "deciding whether (or not)" and "decide whether (or not)"—omitted.]

But the or not is necessary when whether or not means"regardless of whether" {the meeting will go on whether or not it rains}. [Other examples omitted.]

By Garner's reasoning, you don't need or not in this sentence:

You can decide whether to go once you've finished your homework.

but you do need it in your original sentence:

You can go whether or not you finished your homework.

  • Thanks. How do I get Microsoft Word to stop flagging whether or not when the or not is needed?
    – vy32
    Dec 30, 2016 at 10:32
  • 1
    @vy32: As far as I know, Word doesn't allow users to fine-tune its grammar checker, as it does its spelling checker. In any event, Word is notoriously lunk-headed about applying what it takes to be rules of correct grammar and usage. My advice is to ignore any grammar-check criticism from Word whose validity isn't immediately evident to you.
    – Sven Yargs
    Dec 30, 2016 at 18:26

Usually when using the word whether in a sentence, the or not is superfluous (i.e., not required). However, when whether or not means regardless of whether, the or not part is required.

Examples of when or not is required:

  • The postman will deliver my mail today whether it snows or not.
    • (…regardless of whether it snows.)
  • The former CEO of Global Bank is going to jail today whether or not he is actually innocent.
    • (…regardless of whether he is actually innocent.)

Note: The or not does not have to follow immediately after whether, so there is some leniency on where it is placed.

  • 1
    The or needn't be followed by not but a list of alternatives is needed, e.g. "The postman will deliver my mail today whether it's snowing or fine"; "The former CEO will go to jail whether he is guilty or innocent". I'm not sure whether this is the correct rule, but it seems that this occurs when the "whether"-phrase is an adverb; if it's a noun phrase, the "or not" may be omitted.
    – Rosie F
    Dec 12, 2019 at 11:27

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