I have troubles using some words about food and I cannot feel the subtle differences of their usage. I'd like to get some help with examples using these various words.
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Well, go to Google Books
type the words or expressions related to your interests (for the latter, put them in quote marks " ") in the search box, press Search, and thousands of examples will be at your fingertips:-))
will give you books such as
Traditions of South Korean Cooking: Learning the Basic ... Martha Stone - 2014
Learning the Basic Techniques and Recipes of the South Korean Cuisine Martha Stone ... With these physical conditions, Korean cuisine has developed over the centuries to specifically cater to the country's climate and geography.
Click on the links and have a look at the books.
I'll give it my best. The examples below are not the only interpretation, but it should be common.
Food - anything that you can eat
Cuisine - fancy word for food, usually mentioned together with nationality (e.g. Korean cuisine)
Dish(es) - Food served on a dish/plate usually well prepared
Menu - list of every available dish in a restaurant
Meal - the whole food package - food and drink together (think happy meal from McDonald's)
Grocery - vegetables
Ingredient - components which you make together to make some dish/food (e.g. spices, vegetables, meat, etc.)
Nutrition - everything that your body really needs, think healthy food and vitamins
Drink - liquid that you actually drink, but usually alcoholic (doesn't have to be)
Beverage - generic name for any refreshing liquid (usually non-alcoholic)