I am currently writing a paper about how neurons encode a stimuli. We would like a noun for the process of encoding, something like "encodement". However, I am not sure whether this is the best choice. Any ideas?
It's "the encoding" :-)
See at Google Books:
What is performed is a "process."
Sometimes specialized names are used:
Semisupervised learning in computational linguistics - Page 65 Steven P. Abney - 2008
If classifiers make uncorrelated errors, and codewords are maximally distant from one another, the encoding method is robust to errors made by the individual classifiers. The encoding is called an Error-Correcting Output Code (ECOC);