I'm talking about words used for the followers and eras of kings and queens.

They have a Latin origin. Is "Latinisation" enough, or is there something more precise? I've done a search, and haven't found anything.

EDIT: Sorry, my question was vague. While the responses below have given great answers, I'm primarily interested in whether or not there's a technical term for the component where Latin is used as the basis for the words.

(And as an aside, the pattern isn't consistent. For instance, we have "Elizabethan" and "Georgian" [not from Latin], but also "Jacobean" [from Latin].)

  • 1
    So are you asking about eponymous words or all words which came from Latin? The question really isn't clear. – curiousdannii Apr 6 '15 at 22:47
  • Yeah, I messed up the question. I'm asking about eponymous words that aren't a strict Latinisation (e.g. Josephus for Joseph), but that have a Latin root. – EndlessLoop Apr 7 '15 at 2:05

I'd call them

dynastic adjectives

heraldic adjectives


  • Thanks for both the replies. I wonder if some linguist or historian somewhere has coined a private term for this Latin-for-royal-names thing. – EndlessLoop Apr 6 '15 at 0:56

They can be called eponymous adjectives.

Wikipedia has a long list.

There is no reason to limit them to Latin origins, and really, there's nothing Latin about Elizabethan or Georgian. English adjectives made from English names.

  • Yes, that's actually what I mean about Elizabethan and Georgian. I made an edit above. – EndlessLoop Apr 6 '15 at 4:18

Those are "adjectives derived from proper nouns" and there's no specific term for them other than that, as far as I know.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.