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I'm talking about words used for the followers and eras of kings and queens.

They have a Latin origin. Is "Latinisation" enough, or is there something more precise? I've done a search, and haven't found anything.

EDIT: Sorry, my question was vague. While the responses below have given great answers, I'm primarily interested in whether or not there's a technical term for the component where Latin is used as the basis for the words.

(And as an aside, the pattern isn't consistent. For instance, we have "Elizabethan" and "Georgian" [not from Latin], but also "Jacobean" [from Latin].)

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    So are you asking about eponymous words or all words which came from Latin? The question really isn't clear. – curiousdannii Apr 6 '15 at 22:47
  • Yeah, I messed up the question. I'm asking about eponymous words that aren't a strict Latinisation (e.g. Josephus for Joseph), but that have a Latin root. – EndlessLoop Apr 7 '15 at 2:05
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I'd call them

dynastic adjectives

heraldic adjectives

:-)

  • Thanks for both the replies. I wonder if some linguist or historian somewhere has coined a private term for this Latin-for-royal-names thing. – EndlessLoop Apr 6 '15 at 0:56
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They can be called eponymous adjectives.

Wikipedia has a long list.

There is no reason to limit them to Latin origins, and really, there's nothing Latin about Elizabethan or Georgian. English adjectives made from English names.

  • Yes, that's actually what I mean about Elizabethan and Georgian. I made an edit above. – EndlessLoop Apr 6 '15 at 4:18
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Those are "adjectives derived from proper nouns" and there's no specific term for them other than that, as far as I know.

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