OALD: 4. anticipate somebody (doing something) (formal)
= to do something before it can be done by somebody else
Etymonline: anticipate (v.) = 1530s, "to cause to happen sooner,"
a back-formation from anticipation, or else from Latin anticipatus,
past participle of anticipare "take (care of) ahead of time,"
literally "taking into possession beforehand,"
"before"(see ante) + capere
"to take"(see capable).
Later "to be aware of (something) coming at a future time" (1640s). Used in the sense of "expect, look forward to" since 1749, but anticipate has an element of "prepare for, forestall" that should prevent its being used as a synonym for expect. ...
Please beware that I ask about only this definition unique to anticipate as bolded above. The use of the others that overlap with 'expect' are decried on p 53, Plain Words, 2014, by Ernest Gowers, revised by Rebecca Gowers.
I already tolerate and so ask NOT about definitions, below which I instead purpose to burrow. I heed the Etymological Fallacy. What are right ways of interpreting or rationalizing this meaning, in order to intuit or naturalise as far as possible and to help me remember?
My guess: How does
to take something
before imply 'to forestall'? The effect is unclear to me.
take[s] all the kohlrabi
before Y, then the effect on Y is ambiguous:
If Y likes kohlrabi, then from Y's perspective, X did forestall Y.
If Y abhors kohlrabi, then from Y's perspective, X did NOT forestall Y. Instead, X helped Y.
Footnote: I purposely chose the peculiar kohlrabi to illustrate my dilemma. OED didn't help.