0

In an article, I have read a sentence as follows:

In the Golgi stress response, insufficient organelle capacity is responded to by augmentation of glycosylation enzyme expression and vesicular transport components.

I think that the sentence is similar to

Insufficient organelle capacity is responded to the Golgi stress by augmentation of glycosylation enzyme expression and vesicular transport components.

I wonder whether I perceive the meaning correctly.
In addition, can we omit the preposition to in the original sentence, although I understand that we can not omit the preposition to in my adapted version of the sentence. As an graduate from China, I also hope you can tell me more about the reason. Thanks!

1

I have a hard time understanding your adapted version of the sentence. If I look at the original sentence, and I replace all the medical jargon that I do not understand, the sentence basically says that in a certain process, something happens, and it gets a response. So basically, this sentence is similar in construction:

In the wedding ceremony, the minister's question is responded to by affirmative answers.

Now, your adaptation would be:

*The minister's question is responded to the wedding ceremony by affirmative answers.

Which, honestly, makes little sense to me. Not only is this used of responded to not grammatical, but it seems that you now make something respond to the ceremony, instead of the question.

Let's take apart the original sentence:

In the Golgi stress response, -> During this process
insufficient organelle capacity -> something (A) happens
is responded to -> something happens as a response to that
by augmentation of glycosylation enzyme expression and vesicular transport components. -> this (B) happens because (A) happened

So simply said: In this process, A is responded to by B. The to cannot be left out, because respond to is idiomatic. It means that B happens in response to A, or B happens because A happened.

Your adaptation would mean:

Insufficient organelle capacity -> something (A) happens
is responded to -> because of (B)
the Golgi stress -> this is the reason for (A)
by augmentation of glycosylation enzyme expression and vesicular transport components. -> this is how (A) happens. Or (B). I really don't know

2
  • Maybe, a passive way is different from an active way. For example, in the sentence you provided, is it proper if I revise the sentence in an active way by adding a subbject? In the wedding ceremony, someone responded to the minister's question by affirmative answers. – dewei li Feb 9 '15 at 13:53
  • @deweili Yes, you can make it active. The main thing is that the response is to the question, not to the ceremony. So in your sentence, the response is to insufficient organelle capacity, not to _ the Golgi stress (response)_. – oerkelens Feb 9 '15 at 13:56

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.