I've always used As Per Se in a sentence and assumed it was right. I googled it out on a whim and couldn't find it anywhere. I did find Per Se and it's variants. Would someone shine some light on this?

  • Don’t use as before per.
    – tchrist
    Feb 7, 2015 at 14:46

1 Answer 1


The correct expression is per se :

  • (adv.) Of, in, or by itself or oneself; intrinsically. (TFD)


  • Latin, literally "by itself;" translating Greek kath auto (Aristotle).

Ngram per se vs as per se.

  • As Josh61 illustrated it is lower case; he also noted it is Latin, and since it has not been fully assimilated into English, the style guides I have seen say to use italics to denote it is a foreign word: per se. Feb 7, 2015 at 16:01

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