You should take an AP class, such as U.S. History or English Literature.

Many countries, such as Canada, New Zealand, and Switzerland, have more than one official language.

In a sentence where such as is used to precede a list of examples, what function does the such as serve? It seems sort of like a conjunction because it links together two parts of the sentence, but it is not included on any lists of conjunctions I have found.


As with its close cousin like, such as functions as a preposition, showing the relation of the nouns or pronouns that follow it to the phrase that precedes it.

The main the difference between like and such as, as summarized by this column, is that like implies comparison, while such as implies inclusion.

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  • The examples would mean the same thing if for example replaced such as. That is a long way from inclusion. – andy256 Feb 5 '15 at 1:51

I believe that it is a preposition instead of a conjunction. "Such as" usually precedes a list of nouns and expresses a relation to another word/aspect of the clause.

So in your example, "such as" expresses a relation between the list of nouns ("Canada, New Zealand, and Switzerland") and the "Many countries." It modifies "Many countries."

The end of the first paragraph HERE was helpful.

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In both of your examples the phrase 'such as' means the same thing as 'for example'. It is not a conjunction but is probably a conjunctive adverb.

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  • But conjunctive adverbs join independent clauses. "Such as" isn't joining independent clauses; it's just connecting words or phrases to the rest of the sentence. – Nicole Feb 4 '15 at 21:29

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