Are there any methods to express emphasis without using italics or underline? I find that there are many cases where formatting does not allow italics, even if emphasis would add to the text greatly.
I mean, seriously.
Using italics just to hammer something across is like a joke that comes with its own laugh track: a sign of weakness.
A writer skilled in the craft expresses emphasis through variation in vocabulary, phrasing, structure, and length. This is the best way.
Those of lesser skill ROUTINELY TURN TO ALL CAPITALS WHEN THEY WANT TO YELL AT YOU, BUT THIS IS HARDER TO READ AND GENERALLY CONSIDERED RUDE!!!!!!!!!!!