For example person A believes that person B is occupying 1 acre of person A's land. Person A claims that person B is occupying 10 acres in the hope that a court of law will award a fraction of the initial claim or in the expectation that person B will settle for a fraction of the original claim. Such fraction equalling the 1 acre which A believes he truly deserves.
The behavior of person A may be seen as dishonest. But person A perceives his behavior as merely "playing the system" in order to achieve his proper rights - i.e. the end justifies the means.
(EDIT) I have editted the above to exclude the variation where person A hopes to be awarded more than his fair share. Of course in reality it may be unlikely that person A will be awarded exactly his rightful cent.