Which syntax is more correct:
to prefer something over something else
to prefer something to something else
or maybe both are correct?
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I would say that both are correct. In fact, I use and hear both formulations used interchangeably.
However, I do think that using over creates more emphasis than using to. This may be a personal preference, and I don't think that misuse of this would screw up your message. But, like I said, I notice that I use the prepositions in this way:
For example, if I was trying to clearly distinguish Mary's cooking from John's cooking, I might say:
I prefer Mary's cooking over John's cooking. He just doesn't have what it takes to be good cook.
But, if I wanted to show a preference while not making it so strong, I would use to:
I prefer Mary's cooking to John's, but he's still very talented.
Both sentences are gramatically correct.
The Survey found that a majority of customers preferred Brand A to Brand B.
The Survey found that a majority of customers preferred Brand A over Brand B.
However, "prefer to" is the phrase, makes grammatical as well as semantic sense.
I prefer tea to coffee.