When describing rhetorical appeals, 'ethos' can become 'ethical,' and 'logos' can become 'logical.' But what about 'pathos'? The closest I can come up with is 'pathetic,' but some research tells me that using the word pathetic to mean 'relating to emotions' is an archaic definition. I was also considering using 'pathetical' to differentiate from the piteous connotation of 'pathetic'. Is there a more fitting word that I could use?
I'm reading The Rhetorical Tradition textbook and they've just used 'pathetical' in context with ethical and logical. It threw me off for a second, but it makes sense.
Yes, unfortunately, that is what "pathos" becomes, "pathetic".
It may have a more negative sound, but they both do mean the same thing: a show evoking pity and gloom.
- showing empathy or ready comprehension of others' states; "a sensitive and empathetic school counselor"
or sympathetic may suggest the idea: (from TFD)
Of, expressing, feeling, or resulting from sympathy: a sympathetic glance.
characterised by, feeling, or showing sympathy; understanding
1: of or relating to the emotions
2: appealing to or expressing emotion the emotive use of language
Yes, "pathetic" would be an adjective from the noun "pathos" (L. suffering, sensation, and akin to paschein, to suffer), just as you have for "ethos" and "logos".
There is a link to the 'suffering' there in Passion also (L. passio- root of "pati", to suffer/submit)
But the difference is still not clear for the root "Pathos". for example in psycopath - psyche (mind) + pathos (suffering, disease) and telepathy - tele (distance) + pathos (feelings).
In both the cases the root is same but the usage is a bit different, in former it is a suffering and in latter it is about feelings
How about "touching"? That is, the heart being deeply touched or moved.
The adjective form of the fourth device, Kairos, is "Kairotic". Perhaps Pathos could become "Pathotic".
I think that it should be "pathotic". It is a direct derivative of Pathos and no one can misread the word. It will, naturally, refer the reader to "pathos". Unfortunately, it's not in any dictionary, but. perhaps, it should be?