13

If I wanted to express something adds to the beauty of a place I'd use words like: embellish, adorn, beautify, et cetera.

What is the word which is used to express that something decreases the beauty of the place?

  • 13
    I like mar for this. – Gerger Dec 29 '14 at 17:22
  • 1
    You mean specifically beauty of a place, not a person, object, concept or other thing. – smci Dec 30 '14 at 3:39
  • -1 it looks like very little research went into the making of this question. A quick search for antonyms or even googling "opposite of beautify" would've given a plethora of candidates. – person27 Dec 30 '14 at 16:41
  • Are you talking about an act or a thing? And something ugly that is added, or {damage to|removal of} something beautiful? Deliberate or unintentional? – Beta Dec 31 '14 at 6:52

10 Answers 10

26

Such near-synonyms as mar, spoil, impair, disfigure, deface, detract from, blot, scar, ruin, blemish, mutilate, deform and blight would all be possibilities.

  • my favourite: to defile. Also nice: to debase, to degrade, to de-whatever essentially. – PatrickT Jan 1 '15 at 7:26
29

Tarnish has the added implication that object in question was bright, shiny, and beautiful to begin with. merriam-webster

  • 1
    +1, also, taint (implies it had purity-related beauty before being sullied), degrade (implies it was in fine condition or good state of integrity before being damaged, physically or reputationally), corrode (similar but suggests steady damage over time rather than damage from one incident) – user568458 Dec 30 '14 at 10:48
17

I prefer to use sully: to damage or ruin the good quality of (something) Merriam-Webster

  • 1
    Sully was my first thought, too. – nomen Dec 30 '14 at 22:33
9

uglify is commonly used, at least among programmers, as the opposite of beautify. It is, itself, an ugly word, and ideally would not be your first choice in any literary context; however, all the other examples given (tarnish, blight, etc.) all have further implications - e.g. tarnish literally means to lose brightness, while blight implies the subject is a plant.

I think that mar is probably the best word, but for pure technical precision, you can't beat uglify.

  • 1
    I don't agree blight implies a plant. Urban blight has little to do with plants. – Dan Barron Dec 30 '14 at 16:49
  • enlaidir (French), afear (Spanish), enfear (Portuguese), imbruttire (Italian), for the ones I know: it's about time English had uglify. +1. But I must admit, I'd never heard it before. – PatrickT Jan 1 '15 at 7:29
  • @PatrickT Never read "Alice in Wonderland"? – bof Jan 1 '15 at 9:46
  • @bof, I meant in real life, I've never heard anyone use it without obviously making a reference to Alice. (I'm a big fan of Alice, I was at Christ Church to visit the rabbit hole) – PatrickT Jan 1 '15 at 14:16
  • 1
    @PatrickT then it might just be a programmer thing. When I google "uglify" I mostly get UglifyJS, so that might be where I got it from. But, it is in the merriam-webster: merriam-webster.com/dictionary/uglify – Benubird Jan 2 '15 at 9:11
4

The other answers are probably better for serious writing, but I still like Lewis Carroll's uglification for pure whimsy.

  • There's also "hit with the ugly stick", which is a modern, similarly silly expression – user568458 Dec 30 '14 at 10:50
  • Lewis Carroll may have put "uglification" on the map but he doesn't own it. The online OED has citations going back to 1820 for "uglification" and 1576 for "uglify" or rather "vglyfyeth" as it was spelled and conjugated back then. – bof Jan 1 '15 at 9:56
2

Besmirch. To mar or sully something which once was in good state.

1

Yes, to other answers. Also consider diminish.

  • 4
    'diminish' is a good suggestion, but could you edit your answer so it is more of...well... and answer rather than a casual comment? – Mitch Dec 29 '14 at 19:24
  • Can you provide a definition and a source? Your answer needs more of an explanation, not just a comment on other answers followed by a one-word response to the question. – Nicole Dec 29 '14 at 20:47
  • 1
    @Mitch: "an [emphasis mine] answer...", yes? – EM Fields Dec 31 '14 at 5:28
1

In reference to a place, "pollute" would be a possibility. My first thought was "mar", but "blemish" or "deface" are also good options.

0

First thing I thought of was tainted.

  • 2
    Welcome to ELU. Tainted is not a verb, but taint would do. – Andrew Leach Dec 30 '14 at 21:30
-2

Lack luster. Implies at one point said object was beautiful and shiny, also could be used to compare to another object as in, "Due to your new rims, your paint job has been rendered slightly lack luster.

  • 3
    Lackluster is one word. And it is actually more about "lacking brightness, luster, or vitality; dull" wordnik.com/words/lackluster I don't think it necessarily implies that an object was ever beautiful or shiny. – JLG Dec 29 '14 at 21:57
  • Also, it appears the questioner was looking for a verb. I'm not certain you would convert Lackluster to a verb, but I doubt it would be elegant. – Eric Hauenstein Dec 30 '14 at 16:15

protected by Andrew Leach Dec 30 '14 at 21:30

Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site (the association bonus does not count).

Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.