In (non-rhotic) British English there seem to be two major allophones of the phoneme /ə/. The first which can be heard in potato, career or the weak form of from as an [ə].
However, there's also a second allophone which it appears doesn't get much attention throughout the scientific literature. In fact, I have only found information about it in Gimson's Pronunciation of English (7th edition):
In final positions, e.g. in 'mother, doctor, over, picture, China', the vowel may be articulated in the open-mid central position (= [ə̞]). The acoustic formants of /ə/ are, therefore, likely to be similar to those for /ɜː/ or /ʌ/ according to the situation.
Note: [ə̞] (= lowered [ə]) is meant to be [ɜ] on the IPA vowel chart.
But what about compound words like motherhood, internet, interstellar and so on? Do these also take the somewhat lowered schwa as if they were single words?