• (Brit.) a girl or young woman, esp one's girlfriend (Collins Dict. )

According to Etymonline, bird:

  • "maiden, young girl," c.1300, confused with burd (q.v.), but felt by later writers as a figurative use of bird (n.1). Modern slang meaning "young woman" is from 1915, and probably arose independently of the older word.

also :

  • As early as 1300, bird was used for ‘girl’, but this was probably owing to confusion with another similar middle English word, burde, which also meant ‘young woman’. The usage crops up from time to time in later centuries, clearly as an independent metaphorical application, but there does not really seem to be an unbroken chain of occurrences leading up to the sudden explosion in the use of bird for ‘young woman’ in the 20th century.

Modern usage of bird meaning girl appears to be unrelated to the old Middle Ages meaning. Etymonline dates it back precisely to 1915.

  • What is the modern origin of bird meaning young woman?
  • In what context did they start to use it at the beginning of the 20th century?
  • 1
    Speaking personally I don't remember it prior to the 1960s when it exploded in use. My sense is that its use has declined markedly since. (A more derogatory word for girl, or woman, around at the time was bint, which is apparently Arabic for 'daughter'). The sixties were unusual in that they were a decade of sexual liberation, but one prior to feminism making its impact. So a lot of things are unique to that decade.
    – WS2
    Dec 20, 2014 at 9:33
  • 1
    possible duplicate of Why can a bird be pulled but never caught? The etymology is covered there as well as the usage. Dec 20, 2014 at 12:40
  • 2
    @FumbleFingers - though your answer may offer some hints, the question is not a duplicate.
    – user66974
    Dec 20, 2014 at 14:09
  • It's probably a term that has died and been resurrected several times over the past couple of centuries.
    – Hot Licks
    Dec 20, 2014 at 16:09

1 Answer 1


Oxford dictionary of Word Origins says that the British slang use of bird to mean a young woman is associated with 1960s and 1970s but as you mentioned also, it dates back to Middle Ages. It also adds that the Virgin Mary could be described in those days as "the blissful bird of grace." The modern use appears to be something of a revival.

OED also mentions that this sense of bird was confused with burde , burd n., originally a distinct word and in modern (revived) use, it is often used familiarly or disparagingly. It lists the first usage in 20th century from 1915 as below:

1915 P. MacGill Amateur Army v. 62 There's another bird there—and cawfee!

We might say that the modern usage is revived by media, especially starting from the below usage of News Chronicle article. [It was a British daily newspaper, later absorbed into the Daily Mail.]

1960 News Chron. 16 Feb. 6 Hundreds more geezers were taking their birds to ‘The Hostage’ and ‘Make me an Offer’.

Here, geezer is a British slang for a young lad, bloke (can be an equivalent of dude in AmE). "The Hostage" and "Make me an Offer" were the famous movies of that time.