An example would be the recent inflation in Russia, where the exchange rate of GPB:RUB has doubled from ~60 in September to ~120 today. Hyperinflation was defined by Philip Cagan in his book as 50% inflation per month sustained over a year. Is there a word or phrase that describes excessive and abnormal amounts of inflation that do not reach hyperinflation levels?

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    You can use the adjective 'over-the-top' to describe something that's excessive or exaggerated.
    – Misti
    Dec 16, 2014 at 12:44
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    Semihemidemisuperhypoinflation Dec 16, 2014 at 22:44

2 Answers 2


For me, rampant inflation is the term that most readily springs to mind for this situation. Or simply high inflation.


I think you have to go with some adjectives to describe it: above-average or excessive inflation may work. Official inflation targets generally define a desired or acceptable level of inflation. Numbers above that target may be consider as too high.

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