I usually put a space before and after a slash, when indicating alternatives.
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Is it correct, or should I rewrite the sentence to remove those spaces?
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You should remove the spaces. Unless, of course, you are quoting a poem, in which case the slash indicates a line break:
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Wikipedia has more info:
There are usually no spaces either before or after a slash. Exceptions are in representing the start of a new line when quoting verse, or a new paragraph when quoting prose. The Chicago Manual of Style (at 6.112) also allows spaces when either of the separated items is a compound that itself includes a space: Our New Zealand / Western Australia trip. (Compare use of an en dash used to separate such compounds.) The Canadian Style: A Guide to Writing and Editing prescribes "No space before or after an oblique when used between individual words, letters or symbols; one space before and after the oblique when used between longer groups which contain internal spacing", giving the examples "n/a" and "Language and Society / Langue et société".
In print I would leave no space, but for online usage I bracket the "/" with spaces because it is a non-breaking character and results in huge, clunky amalgamations that take up a whole line, leaving the previous line with but a couple of words. This is the kind of break I mean:
If you wanted to use some long words, you could go the antidisestablishmentarianism/pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis route.
The two long words won't break at a line end because of the slash, but will if the slash is surrounded by spaces.
Punctuation surrounding a slash is a matter of style. The Chicago Manual of Style, for example, allows for a space on either side of the slash when either of the separated items has a space itself. For your example a space on either side of the slash would be appropriate according to that style convention.
Regarding line breaks, you probably want the front space padding the slash to be a non-breaking space, as starting a new line with a slash would be jolting for a reader.
As a technical writer I need to edit content written by engineers. for some reason they have a tendency to use spaces before and after slashes, and I religiously remove them.
I have started rethinking my inflexibility in this matter as I believe there are times that spaces make the content more user friendly.
A case in point is either/or listings of terms that contain other symbols, for example "PMC_IO51 / XMC_IO_B-9". The spacing makes it clear that the slash is not part of either term.
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When a forward slash is being used to signify options, a general rule is there should be no space on either side of a slash when the alternatives consist of a single word. It is advised to leave a space for better readability on both sides of a slash when the alternatives consist of two or more words or they are complex abbreviations.
Note, however, that the majority of style guides (ACS, AMA, APA, MLA, CMOS, CSE—see below) emphasize that slash should be used sparingly and shall never be used to mean legalistic terms “and” or “or”. Slash breaks the reading flow and is poorly positioned on many fonts. Also, in technical writing it is already applied in numerous abbreviations, dates, math expressions, symbols, URLs and code, making its use for options in text more ambiguous.
Therefore, a slash should be replaced with a conjunction to connect the options whenever possible. Relevant quotations from various style guides:
ACS [1, p. 56]:
Do not use a slash to mean “and” or “or”.
Hot/cold extremes will damage the samples.
Hot and cold extremes will damage the samples.
ACS [1, p. 219]:
Leave no space
- on either side of a slash (/)
AMA [2, p. 472]
8.4 Forward Slash (Virgule, Solidus). The forward slash is used to represent per, and, or or and to divide material (eg, numerator and denominator in fractions; month, day, and year in dates [only in tables and figures]; lines of poetry). It may also be used in URLs (see 2.0, Manuscript Preparation for Submission and Publication).
8.4.1 Used to Express Equivalence or Duality. When 2 terms are of equal weight in an expression and and is implied between them to express this equivalence, the forward slash can be retained.
- Developing skin cancer screening recommendations in the Hispanic/Latino population can be challenging.
- The diagnosis and initial treatment/diagnostic planning were recorded.
- There was an excess incidence of prostate cancer, thyroid cancer, and multiple myeloma in the rescue/recovery workers.
- This is an and/or decision.
- If the approval process raises concerns among the researchers or the ethics committee/institutional review board members, the author may want to explain the resolution of these issues.
When the question of duality arises in the he/she construction, change the slash construction when the sex or gender is to be specified; substitute the word or for the forward slash or, preferably, rephrase to be gender neutral.
- Dr Kate Wolf and Dr Rob Cox agreed to serve on the nomenclature committee. Now I need to know whether he or she [not he/she] will lead the subcommittee on genetic nomenclature.
-Better: Now I need to know which of them will lead the subcommittee.
If the sex is unspecified and does not matter, the slash construction is permissible.
APA [3, pp. 160–161]:
Use a slash (also called a “virgule,” “solidus;” or “shill”) in the following cases:
- to specify either of two possibilities
and/or (use sparingly)
Do not use a slash in the following cases:
- when a phrase would be clearer
Correct: Each child handed the toy to their parent or guardian.
Incorrect: Each child handed the toy to their parent/guardian.
6.106 Slashes to signify alternatives. A slash most commonly signifies alternatives. In certain contexts it is a convenient (if somewhat informal) shorthand for or. It is also used for alternative spellings or names. Where one or more of the terms separated by slashes is an open compound, a space before and after the slash can make the text more legible.
World War I / First World War
MLA [5, p. 77]:
21h The slash
Use the slash sparingly, if at all, to separate options: pass/fail, producer/director. Put no space around the slash. Avoid using expressions such as he/she and his/her and the awkward construction and/or.
CSE [6, p. 75]
220.127.116.11 General Use
The main use of the slash is as a symbol for the mathematical operation of division (meaning “divided by”). It has also come into general use to indicate alternatives. A few terms that incorporate the slash, such as “and/or” (meaning “either or both”), are used widely enough that they appear in standard dictionaries and are unlikely to be misunderstood. For the construction “he/she” (meaning a person of unspecified sex), it may be preferable to rephrase as a plural construction (using “they”).
Other, temporary uses of the slash may result in ambiguity, and rephrasing for clarity is advised. For example, a series can be punctuated with commas (see Section 5.3.3), and coordinate modifiers can be punctuated with en dashes or hyphens (see Sections 18.104.22.168 and 5.4.1).
The route of the geology tour was New York, Pittsburgh, Chicago, and Salt Lake City.
not The route of the geology tour was New York/Pittsburgh/Chicago/Salt Lake City.
The Craft of Scientific Writing [7, p. 24]:
A third common source of needless complexity at the word level is the slash (/). The slash is an ugly piece of punctuation that adds unwanted complexity to the language. Examples include he/she, s/he, w/o, and and/or. For the ﬁrst two examples, you can write she or he or you can use plural pronouns (they, them). In the case of w/o, simply write without. Finally, in the case of and/or, which no doubt a lawyer created, using either or or and sufﬁces most of the time. For those cases in which both are required, you should rely on plain English:
- Detection calls for an ultrasound or EKG or both.
You should apply the same stylistic strategy for other concocted slashed terms. In other words, do not write
- …impact/inﬂuence on reservoir quality…
- …difficult/misinterpreted measurements….
Instead, either choose one of the terms or use a conjunction to connect the terms:
- …inﬂuence on reservoir quality…
- …difficult or misinterpreted measurements….
The Craft of Scientific Writing [7, p. 248]:
The Slash. As stated earlier in this book, the slash is an ugly piece of punctuation that adds signiﬁcant complexity to the language. To reduce this complexity, you should avoid word constructions that incorporate slashes. The best solution is to replace the slashed compound word with just a single word—for example, replace demonstrate/show with show. When that possibility does not exist, replace the slash itself with a conjunction such as and or or.