Since elementary school, I've known definition 1 (the most common) of such as = for example. Yet 2 confuses me, so what's an intuitive derivation or etymology behind it?
2. such as = Of a kind that;
like[I crossed this out because how can like substitute for such as below?]
I did try OED, but my limited English bars me from understanding its many entries with complicated linguistic terms. The following's an example, but I ask NOT only about legal contexts:
I see no rational ground for excluding from conduct capable of giving rise to criminal liability, conduct which consists of failing to take measures that lie within one's power to counteract a danger that one has oneself created, if at the time of such conduct one's state of mind is such as constitutes a necessary ingredient of the offence."