I encountered a question in an exam and I am wondering about the exact answer and reasons behind it


Had it not rained, the farmers _________ all of their crops.

A. Would lose
B. Should lose
C. Should have lost
D. Could have lost

Your explanations are highly appreciated.


"Had it not rained..." = "If it hadn't rained..." = "Had it not been for the rain..."

your answer is: "...the farmers could have lost all of their crops." ("would have lost" would also be correct.)

There must be agreement between "condition" and "consequence".

If she phones me, I will tell her. (presente simple requires future simple)

If she phoned me, I would tell her. (past simple requires conditional simple)

If she had phoned me, I would have told her. (past perfect requires conditional perfect)


Had it not rained = If it had not rained => Were it not for the rain ...

protected by tchrist Oct 23 '16 at 23:06

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