It's straightforward to refer to a "craftsperson" instead of a "craftsman" if one doesn't want to imply a gender. But "craftspersonship", "sportspersonship", and the like seem pretty cumbersome. Is there a more elegant alternative?

  • 3
    Funnily enough on this old question, I pointed out "craftship" was becoming a word. (My answer was downvoted to closed - a hilarious example of the embarrassing voting on the site.) Now that it's Years Later, craftship is pretty much a normal word. It's a good word, too. I think it should have two s, though - craftsship.
    – Fattie
    Jan 17, 2020 at 22:44
  • 2
    Jared, you've asked two questions here, one seeking non-gendered synonyms for "craftsman" and the other seeking non-gendered synonyms for "journeyman". The two terms are not synonymous. Have you checked a thesaurus for each? What did you find? Does the thesaurus resolve your problem? Nov 7, 2021 at 3:24
  • 1
    Why? There's no viable reason for not using the traditional terms.
    – BillJ
    Nov 7, 2021 at 10:40
  • 1
    Chappo, I removed the less important second question as I realize it didn't belong together. I did search the Thesaurus, however, most results were "Craftspersons" or "Journeypersons" which I didn't want to use.
    – Jared Rice
    Nov 7, 2021 at 13:31
  • 3
    @BillJ The viable reason is cultural, regardless of whether it's a traditional term that is technically genderless. Most people might assume the language is not inclusive for the format I am using the word in, like "Mailman, Milkman, Policemen, etc." My goal is to use a word that is closest in definition excluding -"men" or "-man".
    – Jared Rice
    Nov 7, 2021 at 13:35

14 Answers 14


You could simply drop the dressing and go with "craft". The word is already used this way, parallel to the word "skill". It is generally unambiguous whether one is using "craft" in the sense of a set of skills, or in the sense of the quantity of those skills one has developed.

For the use "fine craftsmanship", I like the earlier offering of "finely crafted".

  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat.
    – tchrist
    Jun 12, 2017 at 14:28

Yes, there is: realizing that "craftsmanship" is gender-neutral. People who think it is not should take it up with themselves, not the word.

If I see discrimination where there is none, the root of the problem is myself and not the language. It is also a textbook example of an etymological fallacy.

Craftsmanship implies "man" about as much as woman does.

  • 8
    This is the wrong place for a discussion. Here is the right place: Bad answer, extremely popular, why?
    – quant
    Nov 2, 2014 at 3:51
  • 17
    @RegDwight: I agree with your overall conclusion, but I think you dismiss the point more peremptorily than is justified — so for the record, I will give the argument for the other side. The “etymological fallacy” applies only when a compound is semantically opaque, or nearly so. Most -man compounds are not by any means opaque, and it’s been reasonably argued that in some cases, their use does reinforce gendered stereotypes; craftsman might well be such an example. “If I see discrimination where there is none” — none may be intended, but it may be caused/perpetuated nonetheless. [cont’d]
    – PLL
    Nov 3, 2014 at 22:58
  • 10
    So in many cases, I believe it is worth trying to find alternatives for -man compounds; I don’t try to police how others speak, but I do consider this in choosing my own words. I agree in this case that craftsmanship doesn’t seem to retain any gendered connotations (going both on my own intuition, and corpus searches others have posted in comments). But I don’t think it’s such an open-and-shut case as this and some other answers suggest.
    – PLL
    Nov 3, 2014 at 23:05
  • 3
    Although it's worth noting that some feminists have seen "man" implied by "woman", and want to replace it - possibly with "womyn" or "womon"
    – Benubird
    Nov 4, 2014 at 8:56
  • 18
    Speaking as a feminist, craftsmanship is fine and gender-neutral. Shall we change the word human too? Nov 4, 2014 at 11:02

Consider the terms artisan and artisanal. From en.wiktionary, artisan means “A skilled manual worker who uses tools and machinery in a particular craft”, while artisanal has senses including “Of or pertaining to artisans or the work of artisans” and “Involving skilled work, with comparatively little reliance on machinery”.

As a parallel to the craftsman/craftsmanship or craftsperson/craftspersonship pairs mentioned in the question and in some answers, we have artisan/artisanship.

From en.wiktionary, artisanship means “The state or quality associated with being an artisan”; thus, it denotes working in a skilled manner.

Oxforddictionaries.com gives the following definition and two examples for artisanship:

Skill in a particular craft:
‘pieces of jewelry which testify to the high artisanship of these ancient people’
‘a heritage of exquisite artisanship’

Note: a pleasing and workable gender-neutral alternative to “sportsmanship” seems less available. Interestingly, Google ngrams for sportsmanship, sportswomanship, sportspersonship (or, more clearly, for sportswomanship,sportspersonship) shows that sportspersonship is used far more frequently than is sportswomanship.

  • 15
    I personally think that artisanship captures the sense perfectly, if you examine the examples cited (here and on Wiktionary).
    – Marc
    Oct 30, 2014 at 5:49
  • Of course these words are very similar to "craftsmanship". Great suggestion.
    – Fattie
    Oct 30, 2014 at 15:07
  • 6
    This answer needs more credit. I'd also like to offer a more reputable source: the oxford dictionary supports that artisanship and craftsmanship have the same meaning.
    – kadu
    Nov 4, 2014 at 13:51
  • @kadu of course if they have the same meaning, then we don't need to substitute one for the other...
    – Spike0xff
    Nov 14, 2014 at 17:08

It's already gender neutral.

It isn't and never was specifying male.

It's the root of the word. Linguistically it's traced back to an archaic word for human not the gender specific word for a male.

  • 14
    How is this any different or an improvement on RegDwight's answer, which was posted almost a day earlier?
    – Mari-Lou A
    Nov 1, 2014 at 13:25
  • 14
    @Mari-LouA It's far less aggressive. RegDwigHt's is almost defensive.
    – user39425
    Nov 2, 2014 at 15:58
  • 5
    I've been provoked :), so here's my reply. "It's [craftsmanship] the root of the word. Linguistically it's [craftsmanship] traced back to an archaic word for human". Nowhere does user96135 mention man in his answer. Wiki: "The word [man] developed into Old English man, mann meaning primarily "adult male human". (Me) Old English is dated 5th-12th century. So it's also meant "male" for a very long time. RegDwight's answer is at least sound and logical.
    – Mari-Lou A
    Nov 4, 2014 at 7:40

There are potentially infinite gender-neutral alternatives to craftsmanship.

You could say that an item was "well-crafted", or if you have to refer to the specific quality of its well-craftedness, then you could stay general with a word like "quality" or "artistry" or you could be more specific. If it was a car, you could talk about its "engineering" or its "design", etc. In other words, there should be a term associated with the specific craft.

While "craftsmanship" was never intended to be a gendered word, it does focus exclusively on the works of the human race. When you know the race that crafted a particular item.

Consider changing:

"All craftsmanship is of the finest quality."


"All wares were crafted with the utmost skill."


"This is good shit, esse."

Admittedly, the feel isn't quite the same, but if you keep at it, I'm sure you can assemble passable PC diction.

  • 2
    – Kevin
    Oct 31, 2014 at 21:02
  • 1
    @Kevin That sounds doable.
    – Chara
    Oct 31, 2014 at 22:08
  • 1
    Someone's not a fan of Dwarf Fortress...
    – Chara
    Nov 12, 2014 at 15:03

I'm surprised I haven't seen handiwork yet. It connotes association with a craft and is short, tidy, and commonly used. Best of all, it does not identify with a gender.

  • Craftsmanship implies a trade and level of expertise and skill like building a handcrafted wooden table with a press gold leaf inlay, handiwork is what your mom says about the spice rack you made her.
    – user53089
    Dec 21, 2014 at 6:26
  • Does handiwork specifically refer to work done by hand? Craftsmanship has taken on a broader meaning, for instance software craftsmanship. Dec 20, 2017 at 21:17
  • @brianmearns Like craftsmanship, handiwork has roots in work done by hand, but is not limited to that. Dictionary.com gives examples such as "In all of Mozart's music we discover the handiwork of a genius." Although Mozart's hands were involved, his mind was the primary actor. Also, "Besides, Savoir Beds guarantees the handiwork on these beds for 25 years, or 9,150 nights." Perhaps the beds were made by hand, but it's likely they were not. Dec 21, 2017 at 22:21
  • "handiwork is what your mom says about the spice rack you made her" - in the context of this question, surely you mean parent? Dec 19, 2021 at 17:28

As @Marc suggested in a comment on @jwpat7 's answer, "artisanship" fits the bill quite nicely. "Artisan" is a gender-neutral term, and "artisanship" is defined in the OED as "Skill in a particular craft".

While it doesn't include the sub-definition that craftsmanship does ("The quality of design and work shown in something made by hand; artistry"), I think it's perfectly acceptable to use artisanship in the same way, i.e. "The necklace she made exhibits exquisite artisanship", and I think most audiences would understand the connotation to be the same (except without any potential gender bias).


artisanship - http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/artisanship


Skill in a particular craft: pieces of jewelry which testify to the high artisanship of these ancient people a heritage of exquisite artisanship

  • 1
    If the question had been a single word request, this would be the accepted answer. Sorry @jwpat7, TLDR.
    – Mazura
    Nov 2, 2014 at 2:12

In the interest of less prescriptivism and more variety, let's consider a few possible alternative suffixes to -manship that might work (personal favorites in bold):

  • itude (craftitude, sportitude, penitude)
  • osity (craftosity, sportosity, penosity)
  • iness (craftiness, sportiness, peniness)
  • ability (craftability, sportability, penability)
  • aciousness (craftaciousness, sportaciousness, penaciousness)
  • acity (craftacity, sportacity, penacity)

Feel free to add your own!

  • Best of the non-answers. I'm surprised I haven't heard sportitude from one of my daughter's sportacious friends.
    – Spike0xff
    Oct 31, 2014 at 20:33
  • 6
    craftiness means something quite different from craftsmanship.
    – tobyink
    Nov 3, 2014 at 8:08
  • 2
    @tobyink It's funny you sat that, as crafty originally merely meant skillful, and then specifically skillful in business dealings, and then became a kind of insult about said skills, and now means "something quite different." I say we take it back!
    – Kyle Hale
    Nov 3, 2014 at 15:48

There is a substantial difference between the word 'craftsman' and the word 'craftsmanship.'

Let's look at some typical usage scenarios:

"He is a good craftsman." - sounds right.

"She is a good craftsman." - sounds wrong.

Clearly, these two show that there is an implied gender in the word.


"Her work displays good craftsmanship."

"The carving's craftsmanship was obvious."

The word 'craftsmanship' applies not to a human as a label, but to an object or action in recognition of some property. It means that said work has some property that would indicate the work of a skilled craftsman. This could be seen as a very faint gender implication, but the abstract nature of it makes it rather negligible, and it is applied not to the target of the word, but to an idealized image of what a craftsman is like.

There are alternatives for sure, but there is no real need to replace it.

  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat.
    – tchrist
    Jun 12, 2017 at 14:27

Unless we have evidence of a very recent evolution of the word to be gender-biased, the dictionary entries below are evidence that craftsmanship is gender-neutral, and even species-neutral, in standard American English, and (given the lag/conservatism of dictionaries) has been for some years. (Note that this is not mere oversight, the same dictionaries are happy to point out when a word implies male or female.)


  1. Skill in a particular craft
  2. The quality of design and work shown in something made by hand; artistry:


skill in an occupation or trade


  1. the skill involved in making something beautiful or practical using your hands.
  2. the beautiful or impressive quality of something that has been made using a lot of skill

The same is not true of sportsmanship which some dictionaries define in a gender-neutral way, but some connect to 'sportsman', which is commonly defined as a man or 'particularly' a man. However, the times they are a changin': a Google search for women's event sportsmanship shows 'sportsmanship' being widely and publicly used in a gender-neutral way, so the dictionaries just haven't caught up with current usage.

If there is a systematic way to deal with such words instead of case-by-case, I don't know it.


Given the degree of controversy about the -man- component of craftsmanship in the comments here, it seems worth looking for alternatives that a) remain centred on the craft aspect, b) avoid the likelihood of entanglements connected with sexual politics, and c) still sound reasonably natural and unforced.

Accordingly, I suggest these possible substitutes for craftsmanship:

Crafting skill, crafting ability and crafting virtuosity.

Similar solutions also work for the other terms the OP mentioned — for instance, for sportsmanship:

Sporting gallantry and sporting fairness;

and penmanship:

Skill with the pen, beautiful handwriting, skilful calligraphy and chirography.

  • 2
    All the dictionaries on my desk plus Google NGrams for his/her gallantry and gallant man/woman If it were even remotely gender neutral, we'd see, I dunno, something remotely resembling (and by remotely, I dunno, a 90-10 split) parity. But it skews virtually exclusively towards masculine uses, and not really improving, unlike his/her sportsmanship, where the feminine is quite attested and increasing in parity Oct 31, 2014 at 20:53

Precision. Skill. Care. Depending on the context, I'm sure synonyms or near-synonyms can be found which dodge the issue.

If you feel the issue is worth dodging. Personally, I'd rather fix the interpretation of existing language. Some of my fraternity brothers are female, and we made a very deliberate decision to change the meaning of "brother" in this context rather than trying to create either a new term or separate-but-equal terminology.


After some research, I have found the most closely relevant terms:

  • Craftworker - "Someone who does craftwork. Craftwork: work usually done by hand that exhibits artistry and individuality". (I like it more than -'person', but not sure how widely accepted this is as a legitimate word)
  • Artisan - "A worker in a skilled trade, especially one that involves making things by hand."
  • Artificer - "A skilled craftsman or inventor."
  • 1
    Not apprentice; an apprentice is a trainee (though not all trainees are apprentices).
    – Peter
    Nov 7, 2021 at 4:15
  • Thanks Peter, the thesaurus led me to the wrong example here. I remove that answer and the others less relevant to the original question.
    – Jared Rice
    Nov 7, 2021 at 13:28
  • 1
    With 51 upvotes the answer to the question which was ‘not helpful’: english.stackexchange.com/a/205289/44619 "Consider the terms artisan and artisanal. From en.wiktionary, artisan means “A skilled manual worker who uses tools and machinery in a particular craft”, while artisanal has senses including “Of or pertaining to artisans or the work of artisans” and “Involving skilled work, with comparatively little reliance on machinery”."
    – Mari-Lou A
    Nov 7, 2021 at 18:06
  • Is the word "artificer" used outside fantasy in the 21st century? In my Google search I saw hits that used it in fantasy, were old or referencing old sources, or were about the Indian Navy.
    – Laurel
    Nov 7, 2021 at 18:32

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.