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Examples:

  • "She said you were here and saw everything." "She said WHAT?"
  • "They are going to Swaziland in November." "They are going WHERE?"

People stress the interrogative pronoun usually because of surprise, indignation, or even doubt about having heard the right word.

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It is called an echo question. There are different types of echo questions and they don't always follow your examples.

"We use echo questions either because we did not fully hear or understand what was said, or because its content is too surprising to be believed. For example:

(It cost £5,000.) HOW much did it cost?
(His son's an osteopath.) His son's a WHAT?

Echo questions are usually spoken with a rising intonation, and with a strong emphasis on the wh-word (what, who, how and so on)." (Geoffrey Leech, A Glossary of Grammar Terms. Edinburgh Univ. Press, 2006)

http://grammar.about.com/od/e/g/echoquestionterm.htm


Here is a pdf document with a detailed explanation of echo questions:

Metalinguistic Semantics for Echo Questions - MIT (by Yasutada Sudo)
http://web.mit.edu/ysudo/www/pdf/echo-questions4.pdf

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