The word sophistication is from the Greek word sophis, which implies false or pompous wisdom. Appearing to be wise. Which is different from the Greek words sophee, sophia which mean wise, wisdom.
Therefore we have in English the words sophist, sophistry and sophism.
We also have the words
- Smarty pants
- Smart Aleck (more prevalent in Brit English)
an obnoxiously conceited and impertinent person.
[1860–65, Amer.; generic use of Aleck, nickname for Alexander]
eck•y, smart′-aleck, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
n, pl -ries
a. a method of argument that is seemingly plausible though actually invalid and misleading
b. the art of using such arguments
- subtle but unsound or fallacious reasoning
- an instance of this; sophism
- (Philosophy) an instance of sophistry. Compare paralogism
[from Latin sophisma, from Greek: ingenious trick, from sophizesthai to use clever deceit, from sophos wise, clever]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003
a. One skilled in elaborate and devious argumentation.
b. A scholar or thinker.
- Sophist Any of a group of professional fifth-century b.c. Greek philosophers and teachers who speculated on theology, metaphysics, and the sciences, and who were later characterized by Plato as superficial manipulators of rhetoric and dialectic.
[Middle English sophiste, from Latin sophista, from Greek sophists, from sophizesthai, to become wise, from sophos, clever.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.