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Please help me understand whether I can use the past simple tense with the present simple tense in one if-clause.

My example is the question that I want to ask when speaking with English native speakers:

Would it be odd to you if I do not say "bless you" when you sneezed loudly and keep silence instead?

Is it wrong to use 'would be' followed by present simple phrase 'I do not say'?

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    This kind of use of would in the consequent demands did in the conditional. This is different from Would you mind if I listen in? where you have the “willful” would not the would of simple probability as in your case. – tchrist Oct 5 '14 at 19:18
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    @tchrist Really? It doesn’t to me, at least not in certain contexts. “Would it be okay if I leave now?” is perfectly fine and natural to me, as is “If I give you the money, would you get me a sandwich from the cafeteria?”. In non-questions, it doesn’t work as well: “If I leave now, it would be okay” requires quite a lot more context and forcing to work—with no context, I’d call it ungrammatical. On the other hand, if you use the present “if I don’t”, then you must also use “when you sneeze” in the present. – Janus Bahs Jacquet Oct 5 '14 at 19:26
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    @JanusBahsJacquet If you keep asking me hard questions, I’m going to have to put another pot of coffee on. :) Maybe it is that when the if comes after the would that the present tense works, but when the if comes first, it may not. Shucks, I dunno. – tchrist Oct 5 '14 at 19:27
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    The tenses should be at least consistent: do ... sneeze ... keep, do ... have sneezed ... keep, or did ... sneezed ... kept all sound fine to me. But present ... past ... present is wrong. – Peter Shor Jan 1 '15 at 22:50
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    The sentence in its entirety is confusing because it seems to be a conditional that's (retroactively) asking about an event ("sneezed") past. I would rewrite it as: "Is it odd to you that I did not say "bless you" when you [had] sneezed and kept silent instead?". I should add that if you changed sneezed to sneeze along with changing do to did and keep to kept, it would work. – Jasper Locke Dec 10 '15 at 11:12
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+50

As is often the case, I get the feeling that "Is it wrong to do X"?" is perhaps not the most useful question to ask about a sentence such as yours:

Would it be odd to you if I do not say "bless you" when you sneezed loudly and keep silence instead?

Hearers and readers can work their way through a labyrinth of syntactical structures that might defeat a purely logical mechanical interpreter. Nevertheless, as I look at the example sentence, I get a feeling of vague disquiet because the wording forces me as a reader into making a more complicated series of interpretive adjustments than I would like in order to come to terms with so straightforward an underlying idea.

My advice would be to put "I do" and "[I] keep" into past tense for the greater interpretive comfort of your hearers or readers:

Would it be odd to you if I did not say "bless you" when you sneezed loudly, but kept silent instead?

or even more lucidly:

Would it seem odd to you if, instead of saying "bless you" when you sneezed loudly, I remained silent?

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