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I'm looking for a single word that would describe two people that need to establish trust between them but aren't friends. An example might be buyer and seller, if person A buys a car from person B. Both of them need to have some trust however they won't meet each other ever again.

Thanks.

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"Counterparties" is the word that is used in the financial industry for parties at either end of a transaction. It's most frequently seen as part of the phrase "counterparty risk", which is the risk that a counterparty won't be able to hold up its end of the bargain.

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    This answer would be greatly improved with a definition,and example usage. – dwjohnston Oct 4 '14 at 6:12
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You can consider interdependent.

relating to two or more people or things dependent on each other

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/interdependent

There is also a concept called buyer-seller interdependence in business markets.

the close relationship between buyers and sellers, especially in organisational markets, where buyers become highly dependent on sellers for assured supply and delivery.

Monash Marketing Dictionary

Furthermore, Wikipedia lists types of dependencies and explains the uncertainty and level of trust in social network interdependencies as below:

Uncertainty: increases when perceived dependability and reliability of informal ties are lower. This is related to the level of trust that exists between the parties. Other authors like Sheppard and Sherman[26] believe uncertainty also differs depending on the form and depth of the relationship. Consequently, they proposed four levels ranging from ‘shallow interdependency’ to ‘deep interdependency’[26]

26. Sheppard, B. H.; Sherman, D. M. (1 July 1998). "THE GRAMMARS OF TRUST: A MODEL AND GENERAL IMPLICATIONS."

  • Hmm it is interesting that someone downvotes this answer. I explained in detail why it is an interdependence and that there is a level of trust between parties. – ermanen Oct 4 '14 at 15:32
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Based on the narrow case of a business relationship that consists of just one transaction, I don't think there is a single word answer. In the single transaction, buyer and seller would rely on verification, not trust. In other words, the buyer would inspect the product carefully (or have a trusted independent inspector evaluate it), and the seller would either demand cash or have a trusted independent authority (bank, etc.) verify that the buyer's means of payment (credit card, check, etc.) was legitimate.

However, in the case of a recurring business relationship, verifying every transaction might be inconvenient. For example, if I sell you a truck load of apples every week, it costs a lot of time for you to inspect each apple, and costs me time to make sure your check is good. In this case of recurring business, @ermanen is correct: "interdependent" is the right word.

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    Good answer. Thanks for the back-up also. Though, we can use "interdependent" in other contexts too and there are different levels of interdependency as well. – ermanen Oct 3 '14 at 18:39
  • @ermanen : I would have made this a comment on yours (and given an up-vote), but as someone new to English.stackexchange.com, I can't do comments or up-votes yet. – Steve Oct 3 '14 at 18:46
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I think that acquainted will go.

acquainted - adjective, means brought into social contact; made familiar.

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Assurance is defined by The Free Dictionary as

A positive declaration intended to give confidence.

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