I came across a very neat parallel, but I wonder if I can use the structure today without setting off alarm in an editor's head.

A stretch of a series is any piece taken out of it, and not having any gaps.

Source: Whitehead & Russell. Principia Mathematica. Merchant Books, 1910.

  • 2
    Yes, it is perfectly fine to use a past participle and a present participle in parallel like that. You can expand the two participles to full relative clauses: “any piece which has been taken out of it, and which does not have any gaps”. The first clause is passive, the second active; hence the two different participles. – Janus Bahs Jacquet Sep 14 '14 at 16:24
  • @JanusBahsJacquet "She likes cooking, jogging, and reading." is OK. "She likes cooking, jogging, and to read." will annoy editors. – George Chen Sep 14 '14 at 16:26
  • 1
    Yes, but this is a completely different construction (see my edit). – Janus Bahs Jacquet Sep 14 '14 at 16:28
  • 1
    Instead of “and not having any gaps” I'd write “having no gaps” – James Waldby - jwpat7 Sep 14 '14 at 18:07

In "cooking and to read", you are conjoining a participle and an infinitive. That's why it does not work.

In "taken and having", you are conjoining a participle and a participle. That's why it works just fine.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.