I just recently learned about predicative adjunct which is present in the following sentence by the "ready to race" adjectival phrase. I wonder whether the phrase that functions as a predicative adjunct is actually part of the predicand, or the sentence?
John, ready to race, started the car.
I'm asking whether "ready to race" should be considered part of the subject "John" or whether it's a phrase that interrupts the flow of the sentence.
I'm comparing this with the following sentence, which has a relative clause:
John, who was ready to race, started the car.
which, as far as I know, considers the relative clause "who was ready to race" as part of the noun "John".
More technically, if we're discussing in Penn Treebank parse tree format, would it be parsed as the following first option or the second?
(S (NP (NNP John) (, ,) (ADJP (JJ ready) (S (VP (TO to) (VB race)))) (, ,)) (VP (VBD started) (NP (DT the) (NN car))) (. .))
(S (NP (NNP John)) (, ,) (ADJP (JJ ready) (S (VP (TO to) (VB race)))) (, ,) (VP (VBD started) (NP (DT the) (NN car))) (. .))