I am always confused about what type of subordinate clause "that" can connect. So there are two sentence below:
So far the torpedo has proved a damp squib, with observers arguing that Europe has not gained any leverage to press its demands.
Afflictions has take place in Syrian on June 3th that his job to negotiate political settlement and establish transitional governing body would be pointless.
I am curious what the sub-clause type after "that" for above two sentences? Because each main clause doesn't miss any grammatical ingredient, so I thought these that-clause are appositive clause.