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I am looking for a word that refers to the state of extreme, deep melancholy mixed with pain, anxiety, and wistfulness; the state in which one feels that their hearts are going to burst with sadness.

  • 'Single word' is not a single orthographic word. – Edwin Ashworth Aug 10 '14 at 14:38
  • broke? poor? skint? – Fattie Aug 10 '14 at 15:46
  • The word you used, melancholy, already has the sense of deep sadness combined with wistfulness and anxiety. You might be best served to use that. – Dan Bron Aug 10 '14 at 18:28
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    It's not exactly what you're looking for but I really like hiraeth. It implies everything you ask about and more, but usually in the context of longing for ones roots/home(land) etc. – Ben Aug 10 '14 at 22:07
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    You may want something stronger than the answers here, but see Is there an equivalent of “reverie” where one is lost in unpleasant thoughts? – Scott Aug 11 '14 at 20:45

14 Answers 14

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Anguish is a suitable word to express the type of pain, a mix of anxiety and grief, that arises when a relationship breaks up or a loved one dies.

Alternatively, another expression which often accompanies grief is sorrow, a feeling which is more intense than sadness.

Sorrow
a feeling of deep distress caused by loss, disappointment, or other misfortune suffered by oneself or others. an event or circumstance that causes sorrow

source: Oxford Dictionaries

10

Your description reminds me of the expression: Mal de vivre. (Ngram)- whose English translation might come close to:

  • Depression of spirits from loss of hope, confidence, or courage; dejection.

TFD

6

The adjective disconsolate is more usual than the nouns:

disconsolate adj.

  1. Seeming beyond consolation; extremely dejected: disconsolate at the loss of the dog.

... disconsolateness, disconsolation (nouns) [AHDEL]

5

I've noticed no one has yet suggested Despair

de·spair [dih-spair]
noun
1. loss of hope; hopelessness.
2. someone or something that causes hopelessness: He is the despair of his mother. verb (used without object)
3. to lose, give up, or be without hope (often followed by of ): to despair of humanity. verb (used with object)
4. Obsolete . to give up hope of.

Though the definition doesn't quite meet the description you've presented, it has often been a single word I've used to try and describe what (I believe) you're referring to.

Source: Dictionary.com

4

It's a bit old-fashioned, but melancholia is just what you are asking for.

3

"Weltschmerz" is a German loan word and literally means "world pain". It is commonly used in reference to Romanticism in art and literature and refers to a sense of listlessness or enduring pain not necessarily attributable to the circumstances of an individual.

2

Consider depression and if two words are acceptable consider clinical depression.

2

"Bummed". Or if two words are acceptable, "Totally bummed".

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"Melancholy" is an appropriate umbrella term for all the emotions you identify. In casual usage, "melancholy" appears to be less overwhelming than its classical definition, but you might emphasize its degree (ie, "all-consuming melancholy").

I refer you to Robert Burton's magisterial Anatomy of Melancholy, in which he defines his subject as :

(T)hat ... melancholy which goes and comes upon every small occasion of sorrow, need, sickness, trouble, fear, grief, passion, or perturbation of the mind, any manner of care, discontent, or thought, which causeth anguish, dullness, heaviness and vexation of spirit, any ways opposite to pleasure, mirth, joy, delight ... Melancholy in this sense is the character of mortality.

Burton identifies melancholy as a confluence of many mental and emotional states. These states include the "pain, anxiety, and wistfulness" you mention. Among them, Burton also numbers (in the beginning of Section 3 of the Anatomy) :

Fear and sorrow without a just cause, suspicion, jealousy, discontent, solitariness, irksomeness, continual cogitations, restless thoughts, vain imaginations ...

He also ties melancholy to physical symptoms, including (again, in Section 3):

convulsions, cold sweat, heaviness of heart, palpitation, cardiaca, fearful dreams, much waking, prodigious fantasies ...

  • Used in this very sense throughout Edgar Allan Poe's gloomier works as well. – Mark Raishbrook Aug 11 '14 at 22:14
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the most extreme one I know is inconsolable - which is, actually, not really what you're saying but the sort of word you'd see in a popular novel today, for this.

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How about woe?

woe /woʊ/ noun

  1. grievous distress, affliction, or trouble: His woe was almost beyond description.
  2. an affliction: She suffered a fall, among her other woes. interjection
  3. an exclamation of grief, distress, or lamentation.
    Source: Dictionary.com
  • "Woe! Woe! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth!" Rev. 8-13 – Mazura Aug 11 '14 at 18:09
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One relevant option is despondency. From The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition (2000):

despondency n. Depression of spirits from loss of hope, confidence, or courage; dejection.

Merriam-Webster's Eleventh Collegiate Dictionary (2003) defines despondent as follows:

despondent adj. feeling or showing extreme discouragement, dejection, or depression.

A usage note beneath that definition clarifies how several related terms differ:

DESPONDENT, DESPAIRING, DESPERATE, HOPELESS mean having lost all or nearly all hope. DESPONDENT implies a deep dejection arising from a conviction of the uselessness of further effort. DESPAIRING suggests the slipping away of all hope and often despondency. DESPERATE implies despair that prompts reckless action or violence in the face of defeat or frustration. HOPELESS suggests despair and the cessation of effort or resistance and often implies acceptance or resignation. [examples omitted]

One vivid metaphor for despondency is John Bunyan's "slough of despond" in The Pilgrim's Progress, which a Wikipedia article describes as "a deep bog ... into which the character Christian sinks under the weight of his sins and his sense of guilt for them."

Another term with something of the same sense of existential pointlessness is anomie, which the Eleventh Collegiate defines, on the personal level, as follows:

personal unrest, alienation, and uncertainty that comes from a lack of purpose or ideals

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Ennui. Among others, wikitionary says:

A gripping listlessness or melancholia caused by boredom; depression

0

SAUDADE n. A Nostalgic Longing to Be Near Again to SomeThing -or- Someone That Is Quite Distant or That Has Been Loved and Then Lost. ^the love that remains" ------+-------------------

DISTRAUGHT Has Been Described As Being the Most Helpless and Pained a Person Can Feel Emotionally.

Priyah Claims It Is the Sinking Feeling in Your Heart and Is Accompanied by That Pain That Is Felt in the Chest Because You Know the Reason Behind It, Yet It Is When You Can't Do Anything About It.

best Described as: A Situation In Which No One Except the Person Who Is Responsible Can Access You. You Are Completely Closed Up to the Rest Of the World.

It Is Only That Person That You Show Your Pain To. And No Matter What He/She Does, It Won't Make the Pain Any Better

Priyah Continues on By Stating That Even When the Other Person Is All Concerned and Worried about You, It Doesn't Make a Difference, Because You Are Do Far Deep Into That Emotion, That Everything Else Seems Secondary.

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