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Is there a certain size for each of these terms?

3 Answers 3

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Historically in the UK. A village had a church, a hamlet didn't, a town had a market and a city had to have a cathedral.

Now it's decided by various local authorities so there were some new cities created recently, while there are places with a population of only a few 1000 (village size) which are cities because they were important in the middle ages.

Metropolis isn't really used in the UK - except for London, hence Metropolitan police (London's police) or the Metropolitan line (tube)

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  • I can confirm that in the UK, 'Metropolis' is the place where Batman lives. Other than that it's a word that's hardly ever used.
    – Danack
    May 5, 2013 at 17:57
  • 1
    @Danack I believe you mean Superman. Batman is from Gotham City. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…
    – corsiKa
    Aug 14, 2013 at 21:20
  • See Conurbation too. The west Midlands Conurbation includes Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Sutton Coldfield, Dudley, Walsall, West Bromwich, Solihull, Stourbridge and Halesowen.
    – user253778
    Aug 23, 2017 at 13:37
  • For the record: City status in the UK is granted by the monarch through application to the Lord Chancellor, not by local authorities. yesterday
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Here's the order as described by the New Oxford American Dictionary:

  • hamlet: a small settlement, generally one smaller than a village
  • village: a group of houses and associated buildings, larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town, situated in a rural area
  • town: an urban area that has a name, defined boundaries, and local government, and that is larger than a village and generally smaller than a city.
  • city: a large town
  • metropolis: the capital or chief city of a country or region, or: a very large and densely populated industrial and commercial city
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  • could you associate prefectures with metropolis?
    – MalsR
    Mar 27, 2011 at 13:09
  • @MalsR: prefectures are the head city of an administrative division. Unlike other terms, which are mostly focused on population, this reflects an administrative choice of government.
    – F'x
    Mar 27, 2011 at 13:15
  • add: ... conurbation, megalopolis.
    – Mitch
    Mar 27, 2011 at 15:01
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As to specific thresholds, no, just that they are relative (according to F'x's list). Such terms are naturally (i.e. in common usage) vague.

The only way any specific threshold can be made is by explicit authorities, set either by population size, area, or some other feature, and by some legal or authoritative fiat (a local government says place 'X' is a town, or my grandmother always used to call this a village). That is, in my part of the world, a particular place called a town might have much smaller population/area than a village in yours for very arbitrary reasons.

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