- Is there a formal name for the entire portion of a sentence that is connected to the copula?"
- Is it "complement"?
Be verb can be followed by various things: a noun (He is blue.), a be verb can be followed by a verb (Who is running?), etc. But is what follows the be verb always a "complement", even if it is more than one word (e.g., is the emboldened all part of the complement in the following sentence: "They are happily distance running in the beautiful park.")?
Perhaps I should be asking: 'could a predicate phrase--the part of a sentence that is a predicate--also be called a complement phrase--the part of a sentence that is a complement'? I'm wondering because a "complement phrase" would seem to be more specific to be verbs?
Additionally, how about this list:
to be/to have been +:
- gerund(s) (-ing).
- past-participle(s) (-ed).
- either of the above two + object(s).
- noun(s)/noun phrase(s).
- 0-valency prepositions.
- combinations of the above two.
- any of the above with adverbs (*except only adverbs) and/or prepositions.
to be/to have been (not followed by) !+:
- simple past verb(s).
- verb root(s).
- adverb(s) (*unless preceded by commas).
- one-or-more-valency prepositions.
- interjections (*except onomatopoeia).