This may seem an odd and morbid question, but I am curious about the use of relative familial titles when the family member you are referring to died prior to your birth.

For example, say my mother has a brother named Bruce. When I am born he becomes my uncle. While we are both alive I would refer to him as Uncle Bruce. Even when he dies, I would continue to refer to him as Uncle Bruce, as in, "Remember the time we went to the beach with Uncle Bruce?" Moreover, I would argue this title stays even after my death. My children might say, "My dad's uncle was a shoe salesman."

But how would I refer to my mother's brother Bruce if he died before I was born? I would think I would refer to him as "my mother's brother." It seems odd to refer to him as my uncle because he was not alive when I was born, therefore he only attained that title posthumously.

And would it make any difference as to when my mother's brother died? Say my mother had a brother who died when he was an infant. Would he still be referred to as "my uncle?"

4 Answers 4


I would ask whether you would have any issue referring to, say, your mother's grandfather as your great-grandfather, even though he may have died some years before you were born. Your mother's brother is certainly your uncle, and in my opinion it's correct to refer to him as such even if you never met him.

Your reluctance to use the word "uncle" in this case may be because it is common to think of our uncle (or aunt) as a relative perhaps second only to our parents in closeness and affection. Consider the word "avuncular" which means literally "pertaining to an uncle" but has a secondary meaning of "kind, genial, benevolent". Having never met your mother's brother Bruce you might not feel comfortable referring to him as Uncle for this reason.

The issue you raise of an uncle who died in infancy is an interesting one. Again it's probably because we typically know our uncles as men of our father's age that this seems odd. If you're a "Seinfeld" fan you may remember a scene in which George is talking to his mother, who mentions "Aunt Baby", a relative who died as an infant. This has always struck me as humorous, yet quite poignant.

I would say use the title "Uncle" freely and with the respect due to a close member of your family. My mother's brother died in a Japanese POW camp in World War II, some 25 years before I was born, yet I proudly refer to him as my Uncle Arnold.


How about referring him as:

Late Uncle Bruce


If your father died before you were born you would still call him your father. Same for your brother or sister if they died before you were born. If they died before you were born you would never say: My mother's son / daughter. Therefore, to me the title remains even if you were not born when they died.

  • To be pedantic, you could argue that your father attains that title upon conception. That title is not taken away should he die prior to delivery. But good point about the sibling who dies prior to your own birth. Mar 27, 2011 at 2:11

relationships are fundamental, not matter or DNA. Your adopted parents are Mom and Dad (if you feel them to be), while those who gave you up are “biological mother/father”. The teenager who died 15 years before her brother became your biological father is not your aunt, unless there’s some atemporal connection you may have with her immortal soul (which I don’t rule out). And what if the above-mentioned biological father was just a sperm bank donor? Your hunch is spot-on. It’s all about felt relationships.

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    To some extent this is true of parentage (hence phrases like "biological father", "real father") but it doesn't apply for more distant relatives. Someone is still my uncle or cousin even if I've never met them or even if I don't know they exist.
    – Stuart F
    Jan 7, 2023 at 21:22

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