The second person of will and shall are wilt and shalt in the archaic form. The third person singular suffix is -eth, so we get willeth but what about shall?

Thank you for your answers!


1 Answer 1


Willeth is used as a transitive verb ("La Reine le veult," "The Queen wills it", as Parliament has the Royal Assent).

We don't get willeth for will as a modal auxiliary indicating future action. These verbs don't change; similarly shall and must don't change either.

  • 3
    In fact, all the modal auxiliaries do not change for person, except, archaically, for the second singular.
    – Colin Fine
    Jun 18, 2014 at 14:36
  • @ColinFine Since the topic is about the archaic language, I thank you for that detail.
    – Archa
    Jun 18, 2014 at 14:41

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