The second person of will and shall are wilt and shalt in the archaic form. The third person singular suffix is -eth, so we get willeth but what about shall?

Thank you for your answers!


Willeth is used as a transitive verb ("La Reine le veult," "The Queen wills it", as Parliament has the Royal Assent).

We don't get willeth for will as a modal auxiliary indicating future action. These verbs don't change; similarly shall and must don't change either.

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  • 3
    In fact, all the modal auxiliaries do not change for person, except, archaically, for the second singular. – Colin Fine Jun 18 '14 at 14:36
  • @ColinFine Since the topic is about the archaic language, I thank you for that detail. – Archa Jun 18 '14 at 14:41

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