I ran into a sign that said "Fines can exceed up to $500". I have no idea what this means. Is the fine capped at $500? or can it exceed $500? In an attempt to understand what is going on I ran a Google search for "can exceed up to" and found many other examples of it; even a Neurosurgery site contains it in their paperwork:
DUE TO THE COMPLEX NATURE OF MANY OF OUR PATIENT’S MEDICAL PROBLEMS WAIT TIMES CAN EXCEED UP TO 1 HOUR OR MORE OF YOUR SCHEDULED APPOINTMENT. WE APPRECIATE YOUR PATIENCE AND UNDERSTANDING IN THIS MATTER.
This one feels even more odd since you can't exceed an unbounded amount (1 or more) nor does "up to" make sense since there is no upward bound.