6

One Word. A person that falsely, without valid proof, accuses you of something, such as a statement or act you said or did. Either because of his lack of knowledge about the proof or because of intent.

closed as primarily opinion-based by Robusto, Matt E. Эллен, anongoodnurse, choster, user66974 May 23 '14 at 16:32

Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience, but answers to this question will tend to be almost entirely based on opinions, rather than facts, references, or specific expertise. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • 3
    Why do you need a single word for this? – Kit Z. Fox May 23 '14 at 13:51
  • Most of the answers given so far cover the case where the accusation is made with intent. OP also asks for the case of lack of knowledge. In that case, you might say he's just ignorant if you want to give him the benefit of the doubt, or if you wish to give a little back you could call him an ignoramus. – Jim May 23 '14 at 14:57
  • @KitFox Is it important that we/you know why the OP wants a single word? If he says because I want to shout XXX at my neighbour or because I want to report a XXX to the police would the word XXX be different? – Frank May 23 '14 at 16:48
  • 1
    @Frank Yes, those things could be different words. Mostly, it is to elucidate why "a person who has falsely accused me of something" fails to meet the user's needs. – Kit Z. Fox May 23 '14 at 17:31
  • @KitFix It fails to meet his needs because it's not a single word which is what he asked for, but I'll agree that some context maybe would have reduced the opinion-based choices. Thanks. – Frank May 23 '14 at 18:02
4

To falsely accuse to deflect attention away from yourself onto another is to frame them. The person would be a framer.

: to devise falsely (as a criminal charge)

: to contrive the evidence against (an innocent person) so that a verdict of guilty is assured

You could say that the person was fabricating a plan against you too. The person would be a fabricator.

someone who tells lies

invent or concoct (something), typically with deceitful intent.


And the following usually work too. Since someone accusing you of doing something you didn't is damaging your reputation.

calumniator

charge falsely or with malicious intent; attack the good name and reputation of someone

In the right situation the following work too:

  • slanderer
  • defamer
  • smearer
  • denigrator
  • sullier
  • 1
    'Calumny, slander, libel, defamation, sullying, and denigration' are all committed with the intent of damaging someone's reputation. 'Smear' could possibly be accidental. But I am wondering if there is a word for simply giving false evidence against someone (perhaps with the intention of deflecting suspicion from oneself). – WS2 May 23 '14 at 13:12
  • @WS2 - I will edit with another choice, but these fit the question. – RyeɃreḁd May 23 '14 at 13:25
  • @WS2 - An accusation, as required by the OP's question, implies intent of damaging someone's reputation. How would giving false evidence not damage someone's reputation? Are you thinking of something along the lines of 'false witness'? – davoid May 23 '14 at 13:29
  • @davoid - I agree. The legalise terms I have here encompass a wide array of harm. I think any could fit but the OP would have to be more specific. I added frame to appease the other side. – RyeɃreḁd May 23 '14 at 13:31
  • "To falsely accuse to deflect attention away from yourself onto another is to frame them." I disagree. Framing involves the notion of guilt/innocence. Simply deflecting attention from yourself to another is not framing. – Drew May 23 '14 at 15:38
2
  • Slanderer - someone who deliberately tells lies that will damage your reputation
  • Libeller - slandering in print
  • Perjurer - slandering under oath, or other specific legal circumstances

Of course, liar covers all these and more.

Famacide (a killer of reputation) is a nice one too.

Although not one word, you could have fun combining more than one of the above.

"You devious famacidal slanderer!" cursed Marie as the angry mob turned their back on her twin sister and turned their weapons on her instead.

  • 1
    You basically just combined three answers already given. – RyeɃreḁd May 23 '14 at 14:35
  • @RyeɃreḁd, I believe mine is the only answer to mention famacide, and the simple liar. – tobyink May 23 '14 at 19:39
  • 1
    A liar is a person who does not tell the truth, and gives false information. It's not specific to the OP's request. – Mari-Lou A Jun 6 '14 at 6:49
2

If done with lack of knowledge about the proof, this person is merely a slanderer or defamatory person.

However, if with deliberate intent to harm or ruin another's reputation, they are referred to as calumniators.

  • You just listed an answer I had an hour ago. – RyeɃreḁd May 23 '14 at 14:34
  • 2
    @RyeɃreḁd Your original answer was a mere enumeration of adjectives without specific information on how these terms differ from each other. Mine makes the distinction between "defamation" and "calomny" apparent to the OP. So, claiming the opposite would be considered calumnious considering you modified your original answer after I posted mine. – Elian May 23 '14 at 15:10
  • So when offering word choices it is OK to use another answer as long as you add an "er", "or", "ing", "s", "es", and so on to the end? I mentioned this because it seems common practice to you. – RyeɃreḁd May 23 '14 at 16:23
1

Libeller - one who accuses falsely and maliciously, or publishes any false and defamatory statement in conversation or otherwise.

From the OED:

One who libels another; one who publishes a libel or libels.

From the OED a definition of the verb libel is:

To defame or discredit by the circulation of libellous statements; to accuse falsely and maliciously

And a definition of the noun libel is:

In popular use: Any false and defamatory statement in conversation or otherwise.

  • 2
    I think that committing libel implies that the false accusations are published, such as in a newspaper or pamphlet. If the person who makes these accusations never puts it in writing, then I think they would be a slanderer. – FrustratedWithFormsDesigner May 23 '14 at 13:51
  • In Media Law there is certainly a distinction between the two terms, in that libel is written calumny and slander spoken. However, in popular use the distinction is less clear, as evidenced in the OED definition above of libel as 'any false and defamatory statement in conversation or otherwise.' Slanderer is equally as applicable. – davoid May 23 '14 at 14:32
0

Delator is a professional accuser

to blame (someone) for something wrong or illegal : to say that someone is guilty of a fault or crime

  • 2
    OED's latest citation for delator is 1874, and their latest citation for any sense of the verb delate that's not explicitly identified as "obsolete" is 1863, so I don't think this answer is of much relevance. Having said that, I continue to be amazed by how many obscure words you manage to post (and indeed, by just how obscure they are! :) – FumbleFingers May 23 '14 at 17:40
  • @FumbleFingers: many more comments like that and one might start to suspect that you're a delator specializing in pointing out answers consisting of obsolete words. There you go, publish that and OED can cite from 2014 if it chooses ;-) – Steve Jessop May 23 '14 at 18:40
  • @Steve: I might just email OED a link to your comment! Seriously, I doubt this OP is interested in unknown/archaic words (I suspect he just wants modern insulting slang), but it could be relevant for others looking at this page. And I can't deny I'm becoming increasingly fascinated by the breadth of ThirdNews's vocabulary! :) – FumbleFingers May 23 '14 at 20:20
-2

I would call him detractor, advocate, noxious,enemy.

  • Detractor is close but the rest do not seem to address the question. – Matthew Read May 23 '14 at 18:06

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