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Is this a correct usage of 'correlation"?

Studies indicates a correlation between A with B?

Ex: Studies indicates a correlation between early exposure to music and song with future success in math and language.

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3 Answers 3

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I'd prefer

correlation between A and B

or

correlation of A with B

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The form most widely used is a correlation between A and B:

  • ...if there is a correlation between educational attainment and income level.
  • The Statistical Correlation between Crime and Poverty
  • Inverse correlation between plasma vitamin E and mortality from ischemic heart disease

Etc.

There is a slight problem using music and song and... which I would reword to clarify.

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I would rephrase, using "between...and...," as follows:

"Studies indicate a correlation between early exposure to music and to songs and future success in math and languages."

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  • The repetition of 'to' in to songs sounds awkward (though I agree that your wording clarifies the relationships). One way around this awkwardness is to invoke the device of "on the one hand X, on the other hand Y": "Studies indicate a correlation between early exposure to music and song on the one hand, and future success in math and languages on the other."
    – Erik Kowal
    Commented May 20, 2014 at 4:08
  • @ErikKowal Yes! Sounds a lot better your way. :-)
    – Elian
    Commented May 20, 2014 at 8:24

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